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Jiří Lauscher collection

Document | Accession Number: 1993.A.0003 | RG Number: RG-35.001

The Jiří Lauscher collection consist of reports, albums, artwork, writings, photocopies, photographs, copyprints, and diary entries documenting the Jüdische Kultusgemeinde’s work related to emigration and job training in Prague; the administration, history, and culture of Theresienstadt; and Holocaust-era ghettos and concentration camps. Lauscher collected the materials during his internment in Theresienstadt from 1942-1945 and acquired many of them from friends and acquaintances as they were deported to killing centers.
Records documenting the Jüdische Kultusgemeinde in Prague relate to two of the community’s primary tasks under Nazi occupation: job retraining and preparation for emigration. Records include financial reports of the Central Office for Jewish Emigration, catalogs of job retraining course offerings, a metalworking course book, and reports about job retraining. Nearly all of the records in this series are original materials.
Theresienstadt materials document the administration, history, and culture of Theresienstadt, with a particular emphasis on the personal experiences of Jiří Lauscher and his family members and friends.
Original materials in this series include administrative reports by the Jewish self-government of Theresienstadt and a scrapbook containing the passes, permits, and tickets governing the daily lives of Jewish inmates. Photocopies and copyprints include additional administrative documents such as reports and inmate registration cards, accounts of cultural and intellectual activities in the camp, artwork created in the camp, and the work of some of the camp inmates.
Theresienstadt reports include reports written by the Jewish self-government of Theresienstadt and its Council of Elders documenting the organization, population, and activities in the camp. The reports discuss building projects, social services, self-administration, finances, sanitation, the fire department, and population statistics, and they include maps, charts, and graphs.
The Theresienstadt scrapbook: “Samples of Administrative Documents from the Theresienstadt (Terezin) Ghetto” includes the kinds of passes, permits, and tickets governing the daily lives of Jewish inmates as well as Jiří Lauscher’s commentary on how life in the ghetto worked and transcriptions of some of the items. Original documents include samples of correspondence, an informational bulletin, food coupons, tickets for cultural performances, food orders, a certificate of vaccination, identity cards, documentation needed to leave the ghetto under supervision, parcel reception forms, and poems and sketches by inmates. Most items related to Marie Klein and her brother and sister Ernst and Rudolfine Klein, but other items document Irma Lauscher, Else Glaser, Irma and Karl Fischer, Hugo Dubsky, Karl Fleischmann, and others. Photocopies of reports by the Council of Elders on subjects concerning the daily activities of the camp such as food, housing, and work can be found at the end of this subseries. It is unclear when Lauscher created this scrapbook.
Jiří Lauscher’s original Theresienstadt album included photographs of prisoners, guards, buildings, mass graves, and life and work in Theresienstadt; ration cards, passes, notifications, and correspondence related to Karl and Irma Fischer, Helene Bruml, and Jiří Lauscher; and original artwork by Leo Haas, Malva Schalek, Karl Fleischmann, Liza Ehrmannova, and Bedřich Fritta. Individuals depicted in photographs included Zeev Scheck, Dr. Weinberger, Harry Tressler, Dita Sachscova, Lotka Brammerova, Corefova, Rutka Bonoyova, Karel Schliesser, Fredy Hirsch, and Jakov Edelstein. Many of the pages also included labels or descriptions relating to photographs and artwork. The reproduction album series consists of copyprints of the original album pages as well as photocopies of 1945 letters and postcards from Irma and Michaela Lauscher to Jiří Lauscher, layout drawings of the Hamburger Kaserne, and a partial index to the album that were tucked into the original album.
This next series consists of photocopies of index cards identifying various “prominent” residents of the Theresienstadt camp. The cards contain names, dates of birth, work specialization or trade, and other brief biographical information.
Karl Fleischmann’s materials consists of copies of essays and poems he wrote during his internment at Theresienstadt from 1942-1944 as well as a brief biography written about him after the war. In his writings, Fleischmann reflects on life in Theresienstadt, medicine, and art. Fleischmann was deported to Auschwitz in 1944 and killed. Most of the materials in this series are photocopies.
Cultural and literary materials include articles, catalogs, diary entries, essays, memoirs, poems, and theatrical performances documenting cultural and intellectual expression by prisoners in Theresienstadt. All of the materials in this series are photocopies.
Reproductions of artwork include copyprints of artwork created by Bedřich Fritta, Leo Haas, Peter Kien, Jo Spier, and Otto Ungar in Theresienstadt as well as catalogs for two exhibitions about Theresienstadt art.
Theresienstadt electrical works materials include photocopies of a personal narrative, name list, and letter documenting the Theresienstadt electrical works and its staff.
Photocopies of correspondence between Jiří Lauscher and Ulrike Migdal discuss the fates of former inmates of Theresienstadt.
Holocaust materials in series 11 consists of a chronology of Holocaust-era events, a photo album Jiří Lauscher created documenting ghettos and concentration camps, and a photocopy and translation of Otto Wolf’s diary. The ghettos and camps photograph album contains photographs and copyprints of the Warsaw and Łódź ghettos, unidentified concentration camps, and sketches of camps. The Otto Wolf diary describes the experiences of a Czech family in hiding during the Holocaust.

Date
inclusive:  1939-1989
Language
German
Czech
English
Genre/Form
Photographs.
Diaries.
Extent
4 boxes
 
Record last modified: 2021-05-27 08:05:29
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn512867