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Jaworski family photographs

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2002.425.1

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    Overview

    Description
    The collection consists of photographs documenting the Holocaust-era experiences of Maria Mania Teicher and Karol Gecman, whom would marry after the war and eventually change their name to Maria and Karol Jaworski. The bulk of the photographs depict Maria and her husband Karol and their daughters Basia and Halina in Lublin and Sopot, Poland, 1948-1953. Other photographs include a depiction of three Jewish young women, wearing armbands with a Star of David in the Szczebrzeszyn ghetto with the inscription “To my beloved brother from Basia” on verso, 1941; Grodzka Gate, Lublin, circa 1944; portrait of Cesia Wang taken in 1940 and given to Maria in 1944; group portrait of four women soldiers in the Red Army in Samarkand with Maria in top row to the left, 1942; and Maria serving in the Polish Army in Lublin, 1945.
    Date
    inclusive:  1941-1953
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Basia Jaworksi
    Collection Creator
    Karol Jaworski
    Maria Jaworski
    Biography
    Karol Jaworski (1914-1999) was born Karol Gecman on January 22, 1914 in Lublin, Poland. His father, Don Gecman was a feldscher (unlicensed physician) and his mother, Roza Mandeltort Gecman, was a midwife. Karol’s younger sister, Basia was born in 1922. The family lived on 17 Grodzka Street in Lublin. Karol was active in the Communist Party and was arrested in January 1935. He was sent to the Tarnow prison. He remained there until September 1939 when he and other political prisoners escaped in the face of the German invasion. Karol fled to the east and reached Donbas (Ukraine) and later Baku, Azerbaijan. He worked as a Russian language teacher. In 1945 he returned to Lublin and learned that all of his immediate family had been murdered. He met Maria Mania Teicher in Lublin and they married. Their first daughter, Basia, was born in 1948, and named after Karol’s sister. Karol and Maria changed their last name to Jaworski and moved to Sopot, Poland, where Maria worked as chief of the ophthalmic ward in a local hospital. Karol became a journalist and was the editor of “Glos Wybrzerza” newspaper. Their second daughter, Halina, was born in 1952. In 1968 as a result of the anti-Jewish policy of the Polish government the Jaworski family left Poland and settled in Israel for a few years and then later moved to Germany.
    Maria Jaworski (1918-1999) was born Maria Mania Teicher on November 15, 1918 in Jabłonka Niżna, Poland (Nyzhnya Yablun’ka, Ukraine). Her father, Chaim Teicher, was an engineer and her mother, Lea Pener, took care of their seven children. The family resided in Stryj. Mania had two sisters, Mina and Sara, and four brothers, Jakub, Berisz, Zelig, and Ozjasz. Maria was enrolled in the medical school in Lvov (Lviv, Ukraine) when Germany invaded the Soviet Union. She was drafted into the Soviet Army as a medic and through May 1945 in Berlin. Maria returned to Lublin in May 1945 and immediately enrolled in medical school. Her sisters and brother Jakob all perished during the Holocaust. She met and married Karol Gecman in Lublin. Their first daughter, Basia, was born in 1948, and named after Karol’s sister. Maria and Karol changed their last name to Jaworski and moved to Sopot, Poland, where Maria worked as chief of the ophthalmic ward in a local hospital. Karol became a journalist and was the editor of “Glos Wybrzerza” newspaper. Their second daughter, Halina, was born in 1952. In 1968 as a result of the anti-Jewish policy of the Polish government the Jaworski family left Poland and settled in Israel for a few years and then later moved to Germany.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Polish Russian
    Genre/Form
    Photographs.
    Extent
    1 folder

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The collection was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2002 by Basia Jaworski and Halina Jaworski-Klon.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:05:39
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn512895

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