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Oral history interview with Kazimierz Zmysiony

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0300.173 | RG Number: RG-50.488.0173

Kazimierz Zmyślony, born on July 11, 1928 in Galew near Kalisz, discusses the displacement of his family in 1941 to Studzianki, Lubelskie, Poland; working as a field hand for a local farmer; the area of Studzianki; eight Jewish families living in the neighborhood; witnessing the executions of two of the families by the Germans in a nearby valley; being forced with other Poles to bury their bodies; six other families surviving the war in hiding; his employer, farmer Gnat, sheltering two of the Jewish families in his barn; helping to take care of the hidden Jewish families; farmer Gnat being involved in the underground movement; working as a messenger for the underground movement; the Polish People’s Army (Armia Ludowa) partisans, whom he later joined; meeting Michał Rola-Żymierski; participating in a few partisan fights; the presence of Jews in partisan units; the German man hunt of 1944, during which time many Jews and Poles were killed; the fighting between the Armia Ludowa (AL) and the Armia Krajowa (AK), which according to him, changed after the PKWN (Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego) was signed; and the Russians entering in July 1945 and disarming the AK units while many of the AL partisans joined the new socialist police force.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Kazimierz Zmysiony
Date
interview:  2002 December 10
Language
Polish
Extent
2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
 
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 14:33:25
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513231