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Oral history interview with Božena Růžičová

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0445.15 | RG Number: RG-50.444.0015

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Bozena Ruzickova (née Ruzickova), born on January 20, 1924 in Sobotka, Poland, describes being one of nine children in a Romani family that lived in a wagon; none of her siblings attending school; being pregnant and living in Lobec, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) in 1942 with her fiancé when the gendarmes deported both of them to Lety concentration camp in Czechoslovakia; working in a quarry, amidst hunger and beatings; giving birth to her baby in Lety, but the baby dying from malnutrition; escaping from Lety and traveling by train to her parents in Neveklovice, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic); hiding in the woods nearby, where she was reunited with her fiancé, who had also escaped from Lety; falling ill and being taken to a hospital, where someone divulged her Romani background to the authorities; being held by the Gestapo for three months; being given a sentence of six years in prison, while her fiancé was sentenced to death; being transported for three weeks by cattle train to Javor, Czechoslovakia, where she worked in a munitions factory; the evacuation of Javor and being marched with the other prisoners; marching in the snow and the shooting of those who lagged behind; falling behind and one of the women guards throwing her in a cart instead of killing her; being taken to German prisons in Bremen, Hamburg, and Lubeck; being liberated by the British Army and sent to a repatriation camp, where she was cared for by the Swedish Red Cross; and returning to Prague, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) and marrying a widower.

Interviewee
Bozena Ruzickova
Date
1997 June 19  (interview)
Language
Czech
Extent
2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-07-25 08:54:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513262