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Oral history interview with Antonin Hlaváček

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0445.17 | RG Number: RG-50.444.0017

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Antonin Hlavacek, born on October 11, 1926 in Kaliste, Okres Písek, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), describes being one of seven children in a Romani family; attending school and then going to a corrections home in Opatovice nad Labem, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic); being taken in 1943 with seven boys from the corrections home to Lety concentration camp in Czechoslovakia; being sent with the boys to Ostrava, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic), where they joined other Roma; being deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, a concentration camp in Poland in March 1943; being sent to work in the potato Kommando in Birkenau, where he could access food to supplement his diet; falling ill and being released from the infirmary the day before all the patients were liquidated to the gas chambers; being transported to the Stammlager camp, which had better conditions; being transported after six months to Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany; a brothel in the camp and the imprisoned women throwing bread to the prisoners from their windows; escaping from his work in a quarry, but being captured; being evacuated at the end of 1944 to Gross-Rosen concentration camp; marching to Dachau concentration camp, where they were liberated by the Western armies; reuniting with his parents two weeks later in Ratiborske Hory, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) and recuperating for six months; working in a forest; getting married and having two children; living in Doksany, Czechoslovakia; being denounced for berating communists and spending four years at Jachymov, a labor camp in Czechoslovakia; and divorcing his first wife, remarrying, and having four more children.

Interviewee
Antonin Hlavacek
Date
1997 June 20  (interview)
Language
Czech
Extent
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-07-25 08:54:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513264