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Oral history interview with Dix Lathrop

Oral History | Accession Number: 1991.264.19 | RG Number: RG-50.234.0019

Dix Lathrop discusses the psychological impact of his experience in the liberation of Mauthausen concentration camp as a member of the 11th Army division, C battery of the 492nd Armored Field Artillery Battalion; the camp’s facilities, including the gas chamber and crematorium; the rock quarry adjacent to Mauthausen, where prisoners were forced to work; his assignment as a foreign observer in a task force comprised of armored, infantry, and tank units; seeing several thousand inmates wearing grey and white striped uniforms bearing the word “Juden" on the chest; the physical condition of the inmates; how some prisoners wanted to hug liberators; distributing food rations to prisoners; how solid food caused some prisoners to have convulsions; how many soldiers were repulsed by some of the prisoners and their behavior; his interest in the work of Simon Wiesenthal; how watching the television series “Holocaust” inspired him to talk with his friends about his experiences; his decision to share his story public because he did not want to be overshadowed by neo-Nazi groups who were jeopardizing rights for which he fought; and his belief in the freedom of the press and freedom of speech.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Dix Lathrop
interview:  1981 October 27
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:35:54
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