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Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs Unionistes de France badge with fleur de lis cross

Object | Accession Number: 2003.191.2

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    Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs Unionistes de France badge with fleur de lis cross


    Brief Narrative
    Badge with the 1940 insignia of the Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs Unionistes de France {EEUdF), a Protestant division of the Boy Scouts in France (Scoutisme Français). After France surrendered to Germany in June 1940, scouting was prohibited in the German occupied north, but continued in the south under the French collaborationist Vichy regime. In fall 1943, Germany occupied the south. In the Tarn region, members of an underground fighting EIF unit, Companie Marc-Haguenau, under EIF founder Robert Gamzon, and members of Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs Unionistes de France, a Protestant division of the Scouts, under Robert Cook, formed the core of Maquis de Vabre. Also known as Corps franc de la liberation 10, they joined the French forces of the interior and American commandos to liberate Castres on August 20, 1944, capturing 4500 German soldiers. From 1940-1945, the EEUdF helped hide their Jewish brethren, assisting with false identity papers and uniforms. After the war, these actions were recognized with a Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française.
    issue:  1940
    issue: Tarn (France)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alain Morley
    front, embossed : S / F SOIS PRET [Scoutisme Français / Already ready]
    Issuer: Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs Unionistes de France

    Physical Details

    Identifying Artifacts
    Object Type
    Badges (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Silver colored metal shield frame badge inserted into a black leather shield with sloped shoulders and a bottom point. An equilateral cross with fleur de lis tips is centered on the open shield. The bottom point rests upon a furled banner with French text and pointed tips that extend beyond the shield edge. On the left tip is the raised letter S and on the right, an F. A tied knot, symbol of the Scouts, overlays the banner and shield tip. On the back, a vertical round top pin fastens through a loop on the pin inserted through the leather.
    overall: Height: 1.875 inches (4.763 cm) | Width: 0.625 inches (1.588 cm) | Depth: 0.250 inches (0.635 cm)
    overall : metal, leather

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The badge was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Alain Morley.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-14 12:54:34
    This page:

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