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Oral history interview with Eva Cigler

Oral History | Digitized | RG Number: RG-50.232.0015

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    Oral history interview with Eva Cigler


    Interview Summary
    Eva Cigler, born in 1926 in Beregszász, Czechoslovakia (Berehove, Ukraine), describes her childhood; the Jewish community in Beregszász; the Hungarian annexation of the area; her family (her mother, father, four sisters, and one brother) experiencing antisemitism from the Hungarians; the curfew for Jews; working at a brick factory; having to wear yellow arm bands; the Jewish council in Beregszász; destruction to the synagogue; life in the ghetto; being deported with her family to Auschwitz in 1944; the murder of her mother, father, brother, and one sister; being beaten; conditions in the barracks; being transferred to Brzezinka in Birkenau; the women Kapos; jealousy amongst the inmates when individuals got better jobs or more food; their work sorting clothes; the smells of Birkenau; attempted escapes from the camp; working in the area next to the gas chambers; never warning the people entering the gas chambers because of the presence of the guards; the children's barrack; her work in the forest; emptying the ashes from the crematorium and finding large human bones; working in a subcamp approximately 30 miles from Birkenau; being taken to Bergen-Belsen; being beaten with her sister for stealing beets; contracting typhus; religious observances in the camps; being liberated and the shooting of a Kapo during liberation; spending some time in a displaced persons camp in Celle, Germany; returning to Beregszász for a brief time; going to Prague, Czech Republic; and immigrating to the United States.
    Eva Cigler
    Eva Lipton
    interview:  1982 March 17

    Physical Details

    3 sound cassettes : analog.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Topical Term
    Concentration camp escapes. Concentration camp inmates--Religious life. Concentration camp inmates--Selection process. Concentration camp tattoos. Crematoriums. Forced labor. Gas chambers. Holocaust survivors--United States. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Religious aspects--Judaism. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Ukraine--Personal narratives. Hungarians--Ukraine. Jewish councils--Ukraine--Berehove. Jewish ghettos--Ukraine--Berehove. Jewish women in the Holocaust. Jews--Ukraine--Berehove. Refugee camps--Germany--Bergen (Celle) Sisters. Star of David badges. Synagogues--Destruction and pillage. Typhus fever. Women concentration camp inmates. Women Kapos. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation. World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor. World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Ukraine. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees. Women--Personal narratives.
    Personal Name
    Cigler, Eva, 1926-

    Administrative Notes

    Holder of Originals
    University of Michigan-Dearborn
    The University of Michigan, Dearborn conducted the interview with Eva Cigler. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Archives Branch received the tapes in November 1992.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:22:53
    This page:

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