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Satirical drawing by Karl Schwesig depicting Nazi followers as robots

Object | Accession Number: 1988.5.6

Satirical ink drawing created by Karl Schwesig in February 1938 in Antwerp, depicting a woman standing next to a robot and cannon. It is part of a series of eight satirical drawings published in an illegal newspaper, the Kolner Rosenmontags-Zeitung (Cologne Rose Monday Newspaper). The newspaper was printed in Cologne and distributed at the Cologne Carnival on Rose Monday before Lent in early 1938. The printer was unable to smuggle the dangerous drawings out of Germany, so he kept them in his shop, where they were damaged by a fire during the war. After Hitler came to power in January 1933, Schwesig, a Communist, was arrested and imprisoned for 16 months. After his release in 1935, he lived in Antwerp, Belgium. On May 10, 1940, Germany invaded Belgium. Schwesig was arrested and sent to Vichy France, where he was held in St. Cyprien, Gurs, Noe, and Nexon internment camps. In 1943, he was sent to Ulmer Hoeh prison in Dusseldorf, where he was liberated by American forces in April 1945.

Artwork Title
Der Herr Ersatz Komt zu Besuch!
Series Title
Rosenmontag
Date
1938 February  (creation)
Geography
creation : Antwerp (Belgium)
distribution : Cologne (Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:04:13
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513890