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Leo Haas aquatint of elderly people disembarking from a transport train

Object | Accession Number: 2003.202.13

Aquatint created by Leo Haas in 1966 based upon sketches made in 1945 shortly after the end of the war. It is based on scenes he witnessed in 1942 while an inmate of Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. It depicts inmates disembarking from a transport train in the pouring rain. Haas was an inmate of Terezin from September 1942-October 1944. Haas, 38, a Czech Jew and a professional artist, was arrested in 1939 in Ostrava in German occupied Czechoslovakia for being a Communist. He was deported to Nisko labor camp in Poland, then shipped back to Ostrava to do forced labor. In September 1942, he was sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, where he became part of a tight knit group of artists determined to secretly document the misery and suffering of daily life in the ghetto. They hid their work in the camp, and much was recovered postwar. In summer 1944, they were accused by the Gestapo of smuggling their 'gruesome' work out of the camp and were arrested and tortured. In October, Haas was deported to Auschwitz, and a month later, to Sachsenhausen. In February 1945, he was transported to Mauthausen and then Ebensee. He was liberated there on May 4-5 by American troops.

Artwork Title
Die Vorletzte Station, Auschwitz 1944-45
Alternate Title
Next to Last Station, Auschwitz 1944-45
depiction:  1945
issue:  1966
depiction: Auschwitz (Concentration camp); Oświęcim (Poland)
issue: Berlin (Germany : East)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2023-06-02 09:36:24
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