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Leo Haas aquatint etching of a soldier watching marching people

Object | Accession Number: 2003.202.14

Aquatint created by Leo Haas in 1966 based upon sketches made in 1943 of scenes he witnessed while an inmate of Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. It depicts a lone soldier on guard in a deserted street watching prisoners leave the camp in the distance. Haas was an inmate of Terezin from September 1942-October 1944. Haas, 38, a Czech Jew and a professional artist, was arrested in 1939 in Ostrava in German occupied Czechoslovakia for being a Communist. He was deported to Nisko labor camp in Poland, then shipped back to Ostrava to do forced labor. In September 1942, he was sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, where he became part of a tight knit group of artists determined to secretly document the misery and suffering of daily life in the ghetto. They hid their work in the camp, and much was recovered postwar. In summer 1944, they were accused by the Gestapo of smuggling their 'gruesome' work out of the camp and were arrested and tortured. In October, Haas was deported to Auschwitz, and a month later, to Sachsenhausen. In February 1945, he was transported to Mauthausen and then Ebensee. He was liberated there on May 4-5 by American troops.

Artwork Title
Guard on Street Duty, Theresienstadt 1943
Date
1943  (depiction)
1966  (issue)
Geography
depiction : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
issue : Berlin (Germany : East)
Classification
Art
Category
Prints
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-01-23 14:45:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513926