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Bermann family papers

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 2004.377.1

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    Overview

    Description
    The papers consist of documents and photographs documenting the Bermann family, originally of Olomouc, Czechoslovakia (Olomouc, Czech Republic), before World War II and their experiences emigrating from Olomouc to Cuba in 1941.
    Collection Creator
    Doris Budowski
    Biography
    Doris Budowski (born Doris Bermann) is the daughter of Victor Bermann and Anny Teresa Pollenz Bermann. Victor was born in Olomouc, Czechoslovakia (Olomouc, Czech Republic) in 1890 and he worked as a chemist and part owner of a malt factory. His brother, Paul Bermann, left for the U.S. in 1938 and worked for the Fleischman Company in New York. Anny was born in 1901 in Miroslav. Doris was born on August 15, 1928 in Olomouc, and she has one older sister, Eva Josephine (today Naomi Saguy). Doris attended a public grade school, but once Jewish children were prohibited from attending public school in 1940, she studied with a Jewish group. On March 15, 1939 Victor was arrested, sent to prison in Olomouc and from there to Dachau and Buchenwald. His company was confiscated by the Nazis, but since his firm had money in the United States, his brother Paul managed to free the frozen assets and use them to buy Victor's freedom. After Victor was released from Buchenwald in July 1940, the family left Olomouc for Prague, where they spent about two weeks. From there they went to Seville, Spain via Berlin. Paul helped them obtain visas for Cuba on the condition that they would be self-sufficient, and bought a bakery for them there. They arrived on September 5, 1941 on the Navemar. Unfortunately, the bakery failed, so the family moved to Venezuela in April 1942, where Doris's father had a contract with the Cerveceria de Caracas as a third brew master. Doris went to an American high school in Venezuela where the lessons were in both Spanish and English. She later attended the University of Richmond in Virginia. She married in 1948 in Venezuela and moved to Israel in 1954.

    Physical Details

    Extent
    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    The collection is arranged as a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The papers were donated to the United Sates Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Doris Budowski.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:10:15
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn515222

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