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Oral history interview with Zbigniew Stefan Kuligowski

Oral History | Accession Number: 1998.A.0300.249 | RG Number: RG-50.488.0249

Zbigniew Stefan Kuligowski discusses his experience as a gentile Pole living in Warsaw from the invasion by the Germans in 1939 up until the end of the failed Warsaw Uprising in 1944; the complexities of his childhood and unhappy family life with an abusive father and mostly absent mother; his father's position as the director of the largest chemical factory in Poland; the limited protection that his father's position provided under German overseers; the Gestapo's arrest and murder of his older brother upon suspicion of organizing a resistance unit with former classmates from a Polish officers' school; the deportation of his father's Jewish secretary and mistress to the Warsaw Ghetto; the conditions in which his father's now former mistress lived in the ghetto; his father's abandonment of him; his daytime strategies to avoid the Gestapo; his realization of the fate of Jews who were being deported to Treblinka; his ill-fated attempts to warn Jews, who were being deported, that they were being sent to their deaths; witnessing events during the Warsaw Ghetto uprising; joining the Home Army; being wounded and spending the rest of the uprising in convalescence; surrendering with his unit to the Germans and being sent to a prisoner of war camp in Austria; starving and escaping twice -- the second time successfully; being liberated near Munich by the Americans, joining General Anders' army in Italy; and emigrating to the United Kingdom, where he has lived for the past fifty plus years

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Zbigniew S. Kuligowski
interview:  2004 August 25
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:45:56
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