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Oral history interview with Samuel Flor

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.105 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0105

Samuel Flor, born in Chernovitz (Chernivtsi, Ukraine), describes experiencing antisemitism, his education, and his career as a composer, musician, and a professor at the university in Chernovitz; life in Chernovitz first under Russian and then under German occupation; why it was impossible to leave and how he and his wife, Gertrude, tried to escape in June 1941 but failed; being part of a brutal roundup of Jewish men and having to bury Jewish men who were machine-gunned to death by Germans near the River Prut; how in October 1941 all Jews had to move into a ghetto; being deported to the Ukraine under terrible conditions, including periodic whippings by both German and Romanian soldiers; a particularly cruel incident involving Jews from Mogilev, Belarus, which involved a forced circular death march and several atrocities committed by Ukrainian peasants; working as a slave laborer in a Chernovitz stone quarry and in Tulchin in a hospital; speaking with Sonderführer Fritz von Rohde about the killing Jews; how the Germans retreated and Mr. and Mrs. Flor hid with about 66 other people in a hole they had dug previously for more than three days until March 15, 1944; how the 300 Jewish survivors tried to cope once the Russian Army came; returning to Chernovitz; how his apartment had been nationalized so he and his wife joined the Czech Army; immigrating to Barranquilla, Colombia and then to the United States; and continuing his musical career.

Interviewee
Samuel Flor
Date
1981 March 03  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette (60 min.).
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from the Gratz College Hebrew Education Society
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:00:17
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn515624