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Oral history interview with Samuel Flor

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.105 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0105

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    Oral history interview with Samuel Flor


    Interview Summary
    Samuel Flor, born in Chernovitz (Chernivtsi, Ukraine), describes experiencing antisemitism, his education, and his career as a composer, musician, and a professor at the university in Chernovitz; life in Chernovitz first under Russian and then under German occupation; why it was impossible to leave and how he and his wife, Gertrude, tried to escape in June 1941 but failed; being part of a brutal roundup of Jewish men and having to bury Jewish men who were machine-gunned to death by Germans near the River Prut; how in October 1941 all Jews had to move into a ghetto; being deported to the Ukraine under terrible conditions, including periodic whippings by both German and Romanian soldiers; a particularly cruel incident involving Jews from Mogilev, Belarus, which involved a forced circular death march and several atrocities committed by Ukrainian peasants; working as a slave laborer in a Chernovitz stone quarry and in Tulchin in a hospital; speaking with Sonderführer Fritz von Rohde about the killing Jews; how the Germans retreated and Mr. and Mrs. Flor hid with about 66 other people in a hole they had dug previously for more than three days until March 15, 1944; how the 300 Jewish survivors tried to cope once the Russian Army came; returning to Chernovitz; how his apartment had been nationalized so he and his wife joined the Czech Army; immigrating to Barranquilla, Colombia and then to the United States; and continuing his musical career.
    Samuel Flor
    interview:  1981 March 03
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Flor, Samuel.

    Administrative Notes

    The Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive conducted the interview with Samuel Flor in Philadelphia, Pa., on March 3, 1981. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the tapes of the interview from Gratz College in August 2003.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:36:33
    This page:

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