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Oral history interview with Alex Krasheninnikow

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.111 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0111

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    Oral history interview with Alex Krasheninnikow


    Interview Summary
    Alex Krasheninnikow, born in Kiev, USSR (now Kiev, Ukraine) in 1934, describes his father, who was a scientist, and his mother, who was an artist; how his parents were Jews but he had no religious education; having a happy childhood; living in a large collective apartment shared with four Soviet families; the German invasion in 1941; being hidden with his family in the attic of Vassily and Ina Baranovski in Darnitsa, Ukraine; exchanging their gold jewelry for food and shelter until November 1943 when their hideout was discovered and their protectors were shot; being sent with his parents by freight car to Brätz (Brójce) concentration camp near Schwiebus, Germany (Świebodzin, Poland); how the guards beat them with clubs and separated men from women; the food shortages, cold barracks, and arduous road building labor; the daily gymnastic regime of forced running for hours; being liberated by the Russian Army in January 1945 and reuniting with his family; returning to Kiev; moving in July 1950 to Munich, Germany illegally; immigrating in December 1950 to Philadelphia, PA, where Alex became a court interpreter; and his study of the accounts in Russian publications that number the Babi Yar killings during 1941-1943 with various figures, from 30,000 to 100,000.
    Alex Krasheninnikow
    interview:  1989 December 18
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette (60 min.).

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    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
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    Administrative Notes

    The Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive conducted the interview with Alex Krasheninnikow in Philadelphia, Pa., on December 18, 1989. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the tapes of the interview from Gratz College in August 2003.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:36:35
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