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Oral history interview with Erna Gruschka

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.766 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0766

Erna Gruschka discusses her childhood in Elbing, East Prussia, Germany (now Elbląg, Poland); her memories of Hitler Youth marching in the streets; the imprisonment of her father and uncles after Kristallnacht in November 1938; her opportunity to go on a Kindertransport and her mother's refusal to break up the family; the release of her father from prison and her family's flight to Shanghai, China; the conditions in the Hong Kew ghetto; the education she received; the cultural life that flourished in the ghetto; her brother’s bar mitzvah while in Shanghai; her family's decision to immigrate to Israel in 1949; the long ship journey around the Cape; her life in Israel; emigrating from Israel with her family to Canada in 1952; immigrating to the United States in 1954.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Erna Gruschka
Erna Gruschka
Anne G. Saldinger
interview:  2003 November 25
1 videocassette (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:52:52
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