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Oral history interview with Erna Gruschka

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.766 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0766

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Erna Gruschka discusses her childhood in Elbing, East Prussia, Germany (now Elbląg, Poland); her memories of Hitler Youth marching in the streets; the imprisonment of her father and uncles after Kristallnacht in November 1938; her opportunity to go on a Kindertransport and her mother's refusal to break up the family; the release of her father from prison and her family's flight to Shanghai, China; the conditions in the Hong Kew ghetto; the education she received; the cultural life that flourished in the ghetto; her brother’s bar mitzvah while in Shanghai; her family's decision to immigrate to Israel in 1949; the long ship journey around the Cape; her life in Israel; emigrating from Israel with her family to Canada in 1952; immigrating to the United States in 1954.

Interviewee
Erna Gruschka
Interviewer
Erna Gruschka
Anne G. Saldinger
Date
2003 November 25  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 videocassette (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:24:01
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn515710