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Oral history interview with Elli Schwarz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.929 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0929

Elli von Konschegg Schwarz discusses her childhood in Aschersleben, Germany; the conditions she experienced in post-WWI Germany; her early encounters with the Nazi regime; her experiences as an outsider due to her family's socialist and anti-Nazi political views; the growing pro-Nazi sentiments of her schoolmates; her education and working life; the atmosphere she witnessed in Berlin, Germany in 1938; the damage she observed after Kristallnacht and the reasons given by the German government; her friendship with a Jewish woman, including a letter she received explaining that her friend would be moving to a work camp; her lack of understanding of the larger ramifications of the Final Solution despite witnessing the effects of antisemitism; her decision to attend school in Vienna, Austria in 1939 for a Ph.D. program; her return to Berlin in 1942; the birth of her child; the effects of the war on her family; her experiences at the end of the war, including the occupation of her parents' town by United States Army soldiers and the subsequent Soviet occupation; her experiences in Soviet-occupied Germany; the fuel and food shortages; and her escape to the west in 1958.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Elli von Konschegg Schwarz
Rhoda G. Lewin
interview:  1992 October 22
2 videocassettes (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
Record last modified: 2020-07-08 14:55:24
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