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Oral history interview with Păun Zgonea

Oral History | Accession Number: 2004.728.6 | RG Number: RG-50.574.0006

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Păun Zgonea, born on August 3, 1936, describes being deported with his family when he was eight years old to Transnistria (present day Dniester Moldovan Republic); the journey and the cities they passed through; going from one village to another; how the adults harvested crops in one village; the conditions they lived in and the way they were treated; seeing deported Jews; living in Ancecrac for a while; overhearing a conversation between his father and a Romanian gendarme about how the Romanies would have been killed if the Queen Consort Elena had not prevented it; being transported to the Bug River; how a few villages were partially evacuated by the Russians and they lived in the empty houses; illnesses and the lack of food; the death of many people including his brother; how the police would pick up the dead from the houses and bury them in mass graves; going in the spring of 1943 to a city with a Renault factory, where his parents worked; being taken to Niceaina to Antonescu’s factory; going to Cetatea Albă (present day Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyĭ, Ukraine), where they were caught by the gendarmery and taken to a settlement just behind the front; how the gendarmey fled when they approached the front, leaving the carriages and Romanies; traveling back to Cetatea Albă and going back to Bessarabia, Moldova; traveling to Reni, Ukraine and being stopped by German soldiers; being beaten when they did not keep up; how ten members of his family were deported but only six returned; and how their livestock was gone when they returned to Romania.

Interviewee
Paun Zgonea
Date
2004 September 26  (interview)
Language
Romanian
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:40:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn517719