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Red leather sketchbook used by a German Jewish female designer

Object | Accession Number: 2005.546.119

Sketchbook used by 18 year old Nelly Schwabacher Germany in 1917-18. It is filled with pencil and ink sketches, mostly of everyday items and people. Nelly was a graphic designer for the Frankfurter Zeitung, a progressive newspaper in Frankfurt, Germany, when Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Germany became a police state and anti-Jewish legislation was enacted. Nelly was a Quaker, but had been born Jewish. In 1935, she was fired due to a decree that Jews could not work in publishing. After the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938, her parents left for England, but Nelly still had strong pro-German feelings and was not ready to leave. In 1939, she and her son, Michael, 9, went to England to visit her family; while they were there, Germany invaded Poland and war broke out. They remained in England and, after the war ended in May 1945, became British citizens.

1917-1918  (creation)
use : Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Object Type
Sketchbooks (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael G. Rossmann
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:05:08
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