SA [Sturmabteilung/Storm Division] uniform jodphurs
Clothing and Dress
- Object Type
Jodphurs (trousers) (aat)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
SA [Sturmabteilung/ Stormtroopers] service breeches from 1930’s Germany with the NSDAP (Nazi Party) authorization and issuing tags. This Nazi Party paramilitary organization, also called Brownshirts to echo Mussolini's Blackshirts, was founded by Hitler in 1920, and led by Ernst Rohm. The Stormtroopers were known for their brutality and violence and were potent instruments of street terror during Hitler's rise to power. By the early 1930s, SA membership reached three million, and outnumbered the German Army. After Hitler became Chancellor in 1933, the SA's demands for political power and the placement of fanatical Nazis in all key positions threatened Hitler's plans for German expansion and he turned against them. Between June 30 and July 2, 1934, the Nazi Party leadership, on Hitler's order, purged the SA leadership to end the embarrassing conduct and political intrigues. The SA would remain a popular and murderous wing of the Nazi Party, but it would no longer be an independent political force.
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:24:14
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn518903
Also in Nazi Germany propaganda collection
The collection consists of artifacts: Stormtrooper jodphurs, an Imperial Reich flag, a Nazi propaganda board game, a Jew Suss poster, and two pamphlets related to the history of Nazi Germany and to the postwar Allied military occupation.
Kaiserliche Reichskriegsflagge (Imperial Reich Flag) was the official flag used by the Wehrmacht, the Armed Forces of Germany from 1871 to 1921. It displays an Iron Cross and an Imperial Eagle, crowned with a sceptre,
Nazi propaganda board game, Radio-Sende-Spiel: Ein luestiges Wuerfelspiel fuer vier Personen [Radio Station Game: A funny dice game for four people.] The set includes a game board, one die, 4 game pieces, and instructions with the original box. This set has an additional game board with a game hand drawn on the back. The game is based upon the sending of radio messages between transmission towers of the German Armed Forces within the boundaries of Germany circa 1942, thus Czechoslovakia and Poland are shown as part of Germany. The player's goal is to make it around the gameboard while avoiding enemy or foreign radio stations. Radio transmissions are monitored by enemies of Germany and the cities outside German boundaries, such as London, Paris, Bucharest, and Moscow are marked with red dots with question marks and must be approached with caution. The starting place is Stuttgart and the goal is Berlin. The game was manufactured in Nazi Germany after 1939.
Pamphlet outlining military regulations for the British zone of occupation in postwar Germany to take effect February 24, 1947.
Portfolio containing Hitler Youth propaganda, including a pamphlet: Immer im Dienst, Blatter zur Dienstgestaltung der Hitlerjugend, Gebiet 6 [Always on duty, Newsletter for service design of the Hitler Youth, Area 6 (nordmark?] as well as several loose pages and other bound pamphlets. The Hitler Youth was founded by the Nazi Party in 1926 to shape the beliefs, thinking, and actions of German youth to conform to national socialist ideology. After Hitler's selection as Chancellor in 1933, this became the national ideology and loyalty to the Nazi Party and its leaders was paramount. The Hitler Youth became a pathway for service in the armed forces or, later, in the SS. In 1936, membership in Nazi youth groups became mandatory for all boys and girls between the ages of ten and seventeen.
Poster for the popular antisemitic film Jud Suess [Jew Suss] with a grotesque caricature of a Jewish man
Poster for the film, Jud Süß [Jew Süss], an antisemitic film commissioned by Joseph Goebbels for propaganda purposes. Directed by Veit Harlan, the film was extremely successful and notorious, winning the Golden Lion at the 1940 Venice Film Festival. It is based on a best-selling novel written in 1925 by Leon Feuchtwanger, a Munich born playwright, novelist, and Jew. The film is a costume melodrama featuring physical and social stereotypes of Jews. The lead character, Jew Suess, is a greedy, unscrupulous Jewish businessman who pursues and rapes a non-Jewish woman.