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Pao Chia red striped armband worn by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2007.101.10

Armband issued to Moritz Sondheimer by the Japanese occupation authorities of the Hongkew ghetto in Shanghai where he lived from 1941-1945. Moritz was required to serve in Pao Chia, a civil and ghetto defense force composed of foreign and Chinese males, aged 20 to 45. Moritz, his wife, Setty, and their children, 17 year old Hanni and 14 year old Karl fled Kaunas, Lithuania, in February 1941 following the Soviet occupation in 1940. They planned to emigrate to the United States, but visa restrictions made them take a difficult route through Russia to Japan. Classified as stateless refugees when they reached Japan in March 1941, they were deported to Shanghai, China, where they survived the war in the Hongkew ghetto. Hanni married a US soldier and emigrated to the United States in 1946. Her family emigrated the next year.

Date
1942-1945  (issue)
Geography
use : Hongkou Qu (Shanghai, China)
Language
Chinese
English
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Armbands
Object Type
Armbands (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Estate of Hanni Vogelweid
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:44
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn518996