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Elizabeth Kardos Langfelder Kux collection

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2007.224

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    Elizabeth Kardos Langfelder Kux collection

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    The collection consists of correspondence and documents related to Elizabeth Kardos Langfelder Kux's restitution claims. The papers include information about Mrs. Kux's Holocaust experiences, including the arrest and death of her first husband, Jakob Langfelder, her own imprisonment in the concentration camps of Sered (Czechoslovakia), Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Bad Kudowa labor camp, Mauthausen, and the Klein-Schönau labor camp. Also includes information about the death of her oldest son, Stephen, who froze to death as a toddler on a transport to Mauthausen, and the birth of her son Charles in the Klein-Schönau labor camp on May 7, 1945.
    inclusive:  1957-1984
    Collection Creator
    Elizabeth K. Kux
    Elizabeth Kardos (later Elizabeth Kardos Langfelder Kux, b. 1907) was born in Budapest, Hungary to Ernst Kardos and Julia Levry. Her family moved to Vienna, Austria when she was five. Elizabeth moved to Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1928 and married Jakob Langfelder (1896-1945). They had two sons, Stephen (d. 1945), and Charles (b. 1945). In March 1944, Jakob was arrested by the Gestapo while on a business trip in Budapest. He was greatly injured by the time of his release several months later. Elizabeth’s parents, Ernst and Julia, attempted to commit suicide in Budapest in 1944 when soldiers came to take them to a concentration camp. Her father died, but her mother lived and was sent to the ghetto where she survived the war. In September 1944, Elizabeth, Jakob, and Stephen were sent to the Sered concentration camp, Slovakia. Elizabeth would then go on to be imprisoned at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Bad Kudowa labor camp, Mauthausen concentration camp, Austria, and the Klein-Schönau labor camp. Her son, Stephen, froze to death on a transport to Mauthausen in1945. Jakob also died there in 1945. Her son, Charles, was born in the Klein-Schonau labor camp on May 7, 1945. In 1947, she moved to Žilina, Czechoslovakia and married Martin Kux. Later that year they immigrated to the United States.

    Physical Details

    English German
    1 box
    System of Arrangement
    The Elizabeth Kardos Langfelder Kux collection is arranged chronologically as one series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Vienna (Austria)

    Administrative Notes

    Charles Kux-Kardos donated his mother's collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum on June 26, 2007, with the help of Museum volunteer Margit Meissner.
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-31 12:30:02
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