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Maria Lichtsztejn and Sarah Montard collection

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1994.A.0360

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    Maria Lichtsztejn and Sarah Montard collection
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    Overview

    Description
    The Maria Lichtsztejn and Sarah Montard collection contains personal narratives by Maria and Sarah describing their experiences during the Holocaust. Three copies of a memoir written by Maria is comprised in this collection, including translations in Yiddish, English, and French. In it, Maria describes her and Sarah’s second arrest in 1944, their internment at Drancy, and deportation to Auschwitz. Sarah wrote two memoirs, the first describing her and her mother’s first arrest in 1942 and their temporary detainment at the Vel d’Hiver before both managed to escape and the second titled “March 15, 1945 – Today is my birthday,” describing their liberation from Bergen-Belsen. This collection also contains a photocopy of Sarah’s memoir as it appeared in “La Tribune sioniste de France” in 1958.
    Date
    inclusive:  1951-1958
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Faith McGinnis
    Collection Creator
    Maria Lichtsztejn
    Sarah Montard
    Biography
    Maria Lichtsztejn was born in 1904 to David and Brucha Korenbaum in Malorita, near Brest-Litovsk, Byelorussia (now Brest, Belarus). In 1927, Maria, a dressmaker, married Moise Lichtsztejn, a poet, journalist, and instructor at the Yiddish school. The couple had a daughter, Sourele (Sarah) in 1928 and lived in Gdańsk, Poland. As anti-Semitic practices grew in Poland, neither Maria nor Moise could find work. Because of this, Moise immigrated to France in 1929, and Sarah and Maria joined him a year later.

    In 1941 Moise was arrested along with other alien Jewish men and incarcerated in a camp in Pithiviers, France. He managed to escape after three months of detention and remained in hiding in Paris until the war ended. Shortly after, in July 1942, Maria and Sarah were arrested and brought to the cycling stadium, the Vel d’Hiver to be deported to Auschwitz. They too managed to escape and went into hiding with friends and eventually resumed normal life. In May 1944, Sarah and Maria were again arrested after being turned in by a neighbor. They were detained in Drancy internment camp for five days until they were deported to Auschwitz. There they stayed until January 1945 when they were forced-marched to Gleiwitz, loaded onto open-topped coal trains, and transported to Bergen-Belsen. Sarah and Maria remained at Bergen-Belsen until the camp was liberated in April. In May 1945, a year after their second arrest, Sarah and Maria were reunited with Moise and other family members in Paris. Maria returned to her trade as a dressmaker and Sarah resumed her education.
    Sarah Montard was born Sourele Lichtsztejn to Maria and Moise Lichtsztejn in Danzing, Poalnd in 1928. Her mother was a dressmaker and her farhter was a poet, journalist, and instructor at the Yiddish school. As anti-Semitic practices grew in Poland, neither Maria nor Moise could find work. Because of this, Moise immigrated to France in 1929, and Sarah and Maria joined him a year later.

    In 1941 Moise was arrested along with other alien Jewish men and incarcerated in a camp in Pithiviers, France. He managed to escape after three months of detention and remained in hiding in Paris until the war ended. Shortly after, in July 1942, Maria and Sarah were arrested and brought to the cycling stadium, the Vel d’Hiver to be deported to Auschwitz. They too managed to escape and went into hiding with friends and eventually resumed normal life. In May 1944, Sarah and Maria were again arrested after being turned in by a neighbor. They were detained in Drancy internment camp for five days until they were deported to Auschwitz. There they stayed until January 1945 when they were forced-marched to Gleiwitz, loaded onto open-topped coal trains, and transported to Bergen-Belsen. Sarah and Maria remained at Bergen-Belsen until the camp was liberated in April. In May 1945, a year after their second arrest, Sarah and Maria were reunited with Moise and other family members in Paris. Maria returned to her trade as a dressmaker and Sarah resumed her education.

    Physical Details

    Extent
    5 folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Maria Lichtsztejn and Sarah Montard collection is arranged as a two series:
    •Series 1: Maria Lichtsztejn memoir, 1951-1984
    •Series 2: Sarah Montard memoirs, 1958 and undated

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    The donor, source institution, or a third party has asserted copyright over some or all of these material(s). The Museum does not own the copyright for the material and does not have authority to authorize use. For permission, please contact the rights holder(s).

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The Maria Lichtsztejn and Sarah Montard collection was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1994 by Sarah Montard, with assistance from her cousin, Molly Marcus. Another portion of the collection was donated by Sarah’s cousin, Faith McGinnis in 2010 and has since been unified with this collection.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Primary Number
    1994.A.0360
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-30 10:26:56
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn519227

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