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Arthur Szyk drawing

Object | Accession Number: 1995.40.21

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    Arthur Szyk drawing
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Drawing of satirical subject matter relating to World War II created in the United States. Image of two Nazi officers, one on left seated and reading paper (American Press) at desk, other standing in front of desk with hat on, on paper with pre-printed border in bronze, around edge of paper. Signed "Arthur Szyk/N.Y. 42." in ink, lower central half. Inscribed "Did you send and iron cross to the Anaconda people?" in graphite, top edge.
    Artwork Title
    Did you send an iron cross to the Anaconda people?
    Date
    1942
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph and Alexandra Braciejowski
    Signature
    "Arthur Szyk/N.Y. 42." in ink, lower central half
    Contributor
    Artist: Arthur Szyk
    Biography
    Arthur Szyk (1894-1951) was born to Jewish parents, Solomon and Eugenia Szyk in Łódź, Poland, which at the time was part of the Russian Empire. He had his first public art exhibition at age 15, and then went to Paris, France, for formal art training at the Academie Julian. He visited Palestine in 1914 with a group of Polish-Jewish artists and studied Muslim art. Upon his return, he was conscripted into the Russian Army and served in World War I. He married Julia Liekerman in 1916, and they had a son, George, in 1917. In 1918, Poland regained independence, but continued to fight a series of regional wars to secure its boundaries. Between 1919 and 1920, during Poland's war against the Soviet Bolsheviks, Syzk served as a cavalry officer and artistic director of the Department of Propaganda for the Polish Army in Łódź. In 1921, he and his family moved to Paris where his daughter, Alexandra was born the following year.

    Szyk was well known for his illuminations and book illustrations, in a style reminiscent of Persian miniatures. He worked on several significant projects in France, including illustrating the Statute of Kalisz, the Haggadah, and a series of watercolors on the American Revolutionary War. The themes of his most admired works, democracy and Judaism, were already well established, earning him both fame and significant commissions. In 1934, Szyk traveled to the United States for exhibitions of his work and to receive the George Washington Bicentennial Medal, awarded by the US Congress. He resided in England from 1937-1940 to supervise the publication of the Haggadah. In 1939, following Germany's invasion of Poland, he focused on producing anti-Nazi editorial cartoons published in many Western newspapers and magazines. During the German occupation of Poland, his 70 year old mother, Eugenia, and her Polish companion were forced to live in the Łódź ghetto. In 1943, they were transported to Majdanek concentration camp and killed.

    In late 1940, Szyk immigrated to the United States with his family. He became a leading anti-Fascist political caricaturist as well as an advocate for Jewish rescue. In addition to his widely published satirical art, Szyk devoted a great deal of time and energy to the Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe, and pushed for the establishment of an independent Jewish state in Palestine. Szyk received his US citizenship in 1948. In 1951, he was investigated by the United States House Un-American Activities Committee as a suspected Communist. His son, speaking on his behalf, declared his non-affiliation with any Communist organization. Later that year, on September 13, Szyk suffered a heart attack and died at age 57.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Art
    Category
    Drawings
    Object Type
    Drawing (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    unfinished ink over graphite, image of three figures, Hitler, Herman Goerring, monkey, all dressed in uniform, bearing nazi insignia
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 6.500 inches (16.51 cm) | Width: 4.060 inches (10.312 cm) | Depth: 10.200 inches (25.908 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink, graphite, cloth, adhesive
    Inscription
    "Did you send an iron cross to the Anaconda people?" in graphite, top edge

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The drawing was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1995 by Alexandra and Joseph Braciejowski, the daughter and son-in-law of Arthur Szyk.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:29:21
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn520309

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