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Axelrad family papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2004.2

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    Axelrad family papers
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    Overview

    Description
    The Axelrad family papers consist of immigration correspondence and forms and an Oranienburg photo album. The correspondence and forms primarily document Felix Axelrad's liquidation of his business in Vienna in the late 1930s, emigration from Vienna to Istanbul and then to the United States, his attempt to emigrate to Australia, and his efforts to help his friends Heinrich Grünberg (b. 1894 in Vienna) and Klara Török (b. 1907 in Budapest) immigrate to the United States from Istanbul. The photo album documents life in Oranienburg and Vienna and trips to Wannsee, Werbelinsee, and Berlin. It contains typed text pages and black and white photographs mounted on black cardboard. The original German text is accompanied by English translations and documents concerns about the rise of Nazism, Hitler’s appointment as Reichschancellor, the Reichstag fire, swastika banners, and the April 1, 1933 boycott of Jewish businesses.
    Date
    1930-1941
    Collection Creator
    Axelrad family
    Biography
    Felix Axelrad (1903-1979) was born in Belgrade. He studied chemical engineering at the Vienna Technical Institute and the Berlin Technical University and worked in Berlin, Budapest, and Vienna. He married Hedwig (Hedi) Traub (1907-1999) from Vienna and had daughter Eva Axelrad (later Choper) in 1937. The family found temporary refuge in Istanbul along with Felix’s mother Leontine (1878-1969, from Zilinia, Czechoslovakia), his brother Desider (1899-1982), and his sister in law Rozina (1902-1968, from Tzmir, Turkey). Felix, Hedwig, and Eva sailed to New York from Istanbul via Greece in January 1940. The following year Desider and Rozina arrived in New York via Bombay and Leontine arrived in California via Basrah. Felix and his family settled in Highland Park in 1951 and had son Ronald (1952-1999). Felix founded the Fiber Chemical Co. of Matawan and practiced amateur photography.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German English
    Genre/Form
    Photographs.
    Extent
    1 box
    System of Arrangement
    The Axelrad family papers are arranged as two series: Series 1: Correspondence and forms, 1931-1941, Series 2: Photo album, 1930-1933

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Eva Choper donated the Axelrad family papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 14:20:12
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn520941