Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Concentration camp uniform cap worn by a Jewish German man

Object | Accession Number: 1994.115.1

Concentration camp uniform cap issued to Werner Sauer while interned in Stutthof concentration camp as a German marine deserter in early 1945. The cap is lined with cloth because German military deserters were treated better than Jewish prisoners. The hats Werner had been issued previously as a Jewish inmate were not lined. Werner saved the cap, and refused to ever have it cleaned, as evidence of his ordeal. On January 27, 1942, Werner and his parents, Leo and Auguste, were deported from Gelsenkirchen, Germany, to Riga, Latvia. Werner, a skilled bricklayer, was eventually transferred to Lenta labor camp. In August 1944, Werner was sent to Stutthof concentration camp and reunited with Leo. In October, Werner and Leo were sent to Burggraben labor camp in Danzig. In early 1945, they were sent on a death march and Werner and Leo were separated. Werner escaped, but was caught the same day. He told the Germans he was a German marine deserter and was sent back to Stutthof as a deserter. He was sent on another death march, but escaped. Werner was liberated while hiding on a farm by Soviet forces in March. Werner’s mother Auguste was killed in Stutthof on December 14, 1944, and Werner’s father Leo died from a beating in Rybno in March 1945.

use:  1945 January-1945 March
issue: Stutthof (Concentration camp); Sztutowo (Poland)
Clothing and Dress
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph Levy, on behalf of Werner Sauer
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:11:46
This page: