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Large sepia diazo print of Congress Hall in Nuremberg acquired by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2010.338.1

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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Diazotype reproduction of the architectural blueprints for Congress Hall retrieved by 32 year old Colonel Max W. Goodman, a Jewish American soldier, in Nuremberg, Germany, circa May 1945. The monumental building was designed to be the congress center of the Nazi Party Rally Grounds, for which Speer designed the overall plan. Congress Hall was designed by Ludwig and Franz Ruff. The foundation stone was laid in 1935, but the building was never finished due to the outbreak of the war. Max served for five years in the Quartermaster Corps with the Third United States Army under General George S. Patton. The Army was in combat in Europe for 281 consecutive days, and liberated Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camps. Immediately after the war, Max was assigned to oversee the supplies being housed in the former Nazi Party rally grounds.
    Date
    creation:  1935
    found:  1945 May
    Geography
    depiction: Congress Hall; Nuremberg (Germany)
    found: Congress Hall; Nuremberg (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Estate of Colonel Max Goodman
    Contributor
    Subject: Max W. Goodman
    Biography
    Max W. Goodman was born on February 8, 1913, in Waukegan, Illinois, to Jewish parents, Bertha and Eisie Goodman. He had a younger sister, Mildred. His parents were Russian immigrants who opened a department store, Goodman Furniture, in 1910 in Waukegan. Max began working there when he was nine years old. He graduated from Waukegan Township High School in 1931. In 1935, he graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he participated in the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) and was commissioned in the United States Army Reserves. He also was a member of a military fraternal organization, the Pershing Rifles. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, he requested to serve in active duty. He served for five years in the Quartermaster Corps with the Third United States Army under General George S. Patton in England, France, and Germany. The Third Army assembled in France in July 1944 and, by May, had crossed the Rhine River into Germany and liberated Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camps. The Third Army was in combat for 281 days and crossed more territory in less time than any army in history. Max was stationed in Nuremberg, Germany, in May where he oversaw the supplies being housed in Congress Hall and the Nazi Party rally grounds. He attained the rank of Colonel, and was awarded several medals and commendations. After the war, Max returned to Illinois to help his father manage the store. He married Margaret Haas, and the couple had three children. He inherited the store in 1963 after his father’s death. He remained in the Army Reserves until 1965. In 1976, he retired to Florida, where he helped form the Key Biscayne American Legion Post. Max passed away, age 90, on December 15, 2003, in Miami Beach, Florida.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Information Forms
    Category
    Reproductions
    Object Type
    Diazotype (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Large, light brown paper sepia diazo print with line drawings of a building in purple ink.
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The reproduction of an architectural drawing was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by A.J. Goodman, the daughter of Max Goodman, on behalf of the Estate of Colonel Max Goodman.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-12-14 09:06:03
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn521880

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