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Calendar with cover of a Jew leading a Bolshevik monkey

Object | Accession Number: 2003.460.9

Antisemitic calendar with a caricature of a Jewish man holding the chain of a monkey that represents the Soviet Union owned by Edgar Gaerber. Ed, age 10, and his parents Dr. Bernard and Fanka Gaerber fled Lvov, Poland (L'viv, Ukraine] during the invasion by Germany in September 1939. The Soviet Union invaded from the east and the invaders divided the country; L'vov was in Soviet territory. In June 1941, Germany retook the region. The German occupation was brutal. Thousands of Jews were murdered in pogroms by local Ukrainians. In late 1941, Ed and his family had to relocate to the ghetto. In March 1942, the Germans began mass deportations to Belzec killing center. Ed's family got false identification papers and went into hiding, moving around to different towns. In July 1944, L'vov was liberated by the Soviet Army. In 1945, Ed and his parents moved to Łódź, Poland. The war ended when Germany surrendered on May 7. The family emigrated to Canada in 1949.

Alternate Title
publication/distribution:  1943
publication: Poland
received: Poland
Information Forms
Object Type
Calendars (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ed Gaerber
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:25:22
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