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United States Military payment certificate, 10 cent note, acquired by a war crimes trials court reporter

Object | Accession Number: 2004.323.6

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    United States Military payment certificate, 10 cent note, acquired by a war crimes trials court reporter

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Military payment certificate for 10 cents acquired by Dixie Foster when she worked as a civilian court reporter during the US War Crimes Tribunal at the former Dachau concentration camp in Germany, also known as the Dachau war crimes trials. The trials were conducted in the American postwar occupation zone by the US Army from November 1945 to August 1948.
    Date
    issue:  1946 September 16
    received:  after 1946 September-before 1948 January
    Geography
    issue: Europe
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Gretchen Davenport
    Markings
    face, upper center : MILITARY PAYMENT CERTIFICATE
    face, upper left, black ink : 10 TEN / CENTS
    face, serial number, upper right, black ink : A 02268900 A
    face, series and position numbers, lower left, black ink : SERIES / 461 / 32
    face, lower center right, black ink : FOR USE ONLY IN / UNITED STATES MILITARY / ESTABLISHMENTS BY / UNITED STATES AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL IN / ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE / RULES AND REGULATIONS.
    face, lower right, black ink : 10 ¢
    back, upper center : MILITARY PAYMENT CERTIFICATE
    back, center, brown ink : FOR USE ONLY IN UNITED STATES / MILITARY ESTABLISHMENTS BY UNITED / STATES AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL IN / ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE RULES / AND REGULATIONS.
    Contributor
    Subject: Dixie Foster
    Issuer: United States Military
    Biography
    Dixie Foster was born on September 6, 1912, in Cedar City, Utah, to Solon and Emma Morris Foster. Her father was a bank cashier and she had five siblings. Dixie’s mother passed away on February 20, 1920, and her father remarried that year to Helen Nelson, originally from Sweden. Dixie attended Branch Agricultural College in Cedar City. In 1940, Dixie worked as a court reporter for the Public Service Commission in Salt Lake City.

    The United States entered World War II on December 8, 1941, and declared war on Nazi Germany on December 11. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered to the Allies, ending the war in Europe. The 1943 Moscow Declaration had determined that those responsible for war crimes would be tried for those crimes after the war. In addition to the trials of major war criminals by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, the Allies held trials in their zones of occupation. A US Military Tribunal was held at the site of the former Dachau concentration camp in Germany to try concentration camp guards and other persons who had committed crimes against Jews and others in the area. The evidence and eyewitness testimonies presented at these trials brought to view the extent of the Nazi concentration camp system. Dixie obtained a position as a civilian court reporter for the US Military Tribunal known as the Dachau war crimes trials. She was present at the following judicial proceedings: a US prisoner of war trial, US v. Heinrich Birnbreier et al, on April 21-25, 1947, a Mauthausen-Gusen camp trial, US v. Karl Glas et al, on August 11-12, a Dachau camp trial, US v. Johannes Berscheid et al, on August 21-25, and a Mauthausen-Gusen trial, US v. Karl Moegle, on September 8-9. Dixie returned to the United States in January 1948. The Dachau Trials adjourned in August 1948. Dixie passed away on April 4, 1998, at the age of 85, in Utah.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, offwhite paper currency. The face has a graphic design in black ink on a blue-green and brown background. On the upper left is a rectangle with the numeric and text denominations, 10 and TEN CENTS, within a scalloped rectangular latticework design. Across the upper border and on the lower center right is English text; the denomination 10 is on the lower right. The serial number is on the upper right; the series and position numbers are on the lower left. The back has a graphic design in brown ink on a pink geometric background. On the lower center is a bordered rectangle with the US seal with scrolls on either side and boxed rosettes at either end. Along the upper border and on the center is English text.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.125 inches (5.398 cm) | Width: 4.375 inches (11.113 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The paper currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Gretchen Davenport, the great-niece of Dixie Foster.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-23 15:30:57
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn521970

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