Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Nazi Germany, 5 mark note, acquired by a war crimes trials court reporter

Object | Accession Number: 2004.323.9

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Nazi Germany, 5 mark note, acquired by a war crimes trials court reporter
    Loading

    Please select from the following options:

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    German bank note valued at 5 marks, issued in 1939, acquired by Dixie Foster when she worked as a civilian court reporter during the US War Crimes Tribunal at the former Dachau concentration camp in Germany, also known as the Dachau war crimes trials. The trials were conducted in the American postwar occupation zone by the US Army from November 1945 to August 1948.
    Date
    issue:  after 1939 June 15-before 1942 August 01
    received:  approximately 1946-before 1948 January
    Geography
    issue: Germany
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Gretchen Davenport
    Markings
    face, upper left and lower right, red ink : J • 13150460
    face, upper center, brown ink : Reichsbanknote / Fünf / Reic[hs]mark [Reichsbanknote / Five / Reichsmark]
    face, lower center, brown ink : Ausgegeben auf Grund der G[e]setzes über / die D[eut]sche Reichsbank vo[m] 15. June 1939 / Berlin, Den 1. August 1942 / Der Präs[id]ent / der Deutschen Reichsbank / Walter Funk [Issued on the basis of the law on / the German Reichsbank of 15 June 1939 / Berlin, the first August 1942 / The President / the German Reichsbank]
    face, lower left, brown ink : 5
    back, top center, brown ink : Reichsmark
    back, bottom center, brown ink : Reichsbanknote
    back, upper and lower left and upper and lower right center, brown ink : 5
    back, across bottom, brown ink : WER BANKNOTEN NACHMACHT ODER VERFÄLSCHT ODER NACH[illegible]MACHTE ODER VERFÄLSCHTE SICH / VERSCHAFFT UND IN VERKEHR BRINGT, WIRD MIT ZUCHTHAUS [NICHT] UNTER ZWEI JAHREN BES[TR]AFT [WHO MIMICS OR FALSIFIES OR COUNTERFEIT OR FALSELY PROCURES AND PUT INTO CIRCULATION BANKNOTE IS PUNISHED WITH JAIL NOT UNDER TWO YEARS]
    Contributor
    Subject: Dixie Foster
    Issuer: Deutsche Reichsbank
    Biography
    Dixie Foster was born on September 6, 1912, in Cedar City, Utah, to Solon and Emma Morris Foster. Her father was a bank cashier and she had five siblings. Dixie’s mother passed away on February 20, 1920, and her father remarried that year to Helen Nelson, originally from Sweden. Dixie attended Branch Agricultural College in Cedar City. In 1940, Dixie worked as a court reporter for the Public Service Commission in Salt Lake City.

    The United States entered World War II on December 8, 1941, and declared war on Nazi Germany on December 11. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered to the Allies, ending the war in Europe. The 1943 Moscow Declaration had determined that those responsible for war crimes would be tried for those crimes after the war. In addition to the trials of major war criminals by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, the Allies held trials in their zones of occupation. A US Military Tribunal was held at the site of the former Dachau concentration camp in Germany to try concentration camp guards and other persons who had committed crimes against Jews and others in the area. The evidence and eyewitness testimonies presented at these trials brought to view the extent of the Nazi concentration camp system. Dixie obtained a position as a civilian court reporter for the US Military Tribunal known as the Dachau war crimes trials. She was present at the following judicial proceedings: a US prisoner of war trial, US v. Heinrich Birnbreier et al, on April 21-25, 1947, a Mauthausen-Gusen camp trial, US v. Karl Glas et al, on August 11-12, a Dachau camp trial, US v. Johannes Berscheid et al, on August 21-25, and a Mauthausen-Gusen trial, US v. Karl Moegle, on September 8-9. Dixie returned to the United States in January 1948. The Dachau Trials adjourned in August 1948. Dixie passed away on April 4, 1998, at the age of 85, in Utah.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, offwhite paper currency with a graphic design in brown ink on a green and brown background. The face depicts a realistic framed portrait of a youth with short hair and a collared shirt on the left. In the center are German text in Fraktur font and an engraved signature. On the right side is a wide, offwhite border with the numeric denomination 5 and a Reichsadler seal with a swastika and German text on the lower left. The serial number in red ink is on the upper left and lower right. The reverse has a framed rectangular image with a building and a lion statue flanked by a female with crops and a sickle and a male in an apron with a tool and a plank. Above and below the image is German Fraktur text; the numeric denomination 5 is near each corner. The right side has a wide, offwhite border. There are small tears on the edges.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.750 inches (6.985 cm) | Width: 5.500 inches (13.97 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The paper currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Gretchen Davenport, the great-niece of Dixie Foster.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-09-15 10:15:02
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn521973

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us