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Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 20 mark note acquired by a Polish Jewish survivor

Object | Accession Number: 1990.31.6

Łódź ghetto scrip, 20 (zwanzig) mark note, acquired by Henry Tovey while imprisoned in the Łódź Ghetto. Nazi Germany occupied Poland on September 1, 1939; Łódź was renamed Litzmannstadt and the Germans forcibly relocated the large Jewish population into a sealed ghetto. All currency was confiscated in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be exchanged only in the ghetto. The Germans closed the ghetto in the summer of 1944 by deporting the residents to concentration camps or killing centers. Henry later married Bella Jacubowicz, who was from Sosnowiec, Poland. Bella, her parents, and her three younger siblings were forced into the ghetto. At the end of 1942, the family was sent to the ghetto in Bedzin. In 1943, Bella was deported to Graben, a subcamp of Gross-Rosen concentration camp in Germany. In 1944, she was sent to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. She was liberated in April 1945 by British forces. Bella emigrated to the United States in 1946.

issue:  1940 May 15
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bella Jakubowicz Tovey
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:31
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