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Buchenwald Aussenkommando coupon for SS Ko. Altenburg, 1 Reichsmark issued to a Jewish female slave laborer

Object | Accession Number: 2003.77.4

1 Reichsmark Buchenwald Aussenkommando [Outside Command] scrip issued to 21 year old Adrienne Matyas in 1945 when she was imprisoned in Waffen SS Ko. Altenburg concentration camp in Germany. The coupons were issued as an incentive to slave laborers, although there was nothing to acquire in the camp with them. Adrienne was from Cluj, Romania, in northern Transylvania, which was placed under Hungarian rule in August 1940. Hungary was occupied by Nazi Germany in March 1944. That June, Adrienne, her parents Asok and Tereza, both physicians, and her 11 year old sister, were deported from Cluj to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland. Her parents and sister were sent to the gas chambers upon arrival. Adrienne worked cleaning latrines until August 1944 when she and a friend snuck onto a block that was transported to Ravensbrueck concentration camp in Germany. From there, she was transferred to Altenburg, a subcamp of Buchenwald, where she was a slave laborer in a HASAG munitions factory. On April 11, 1945, as US forces approached, the camp was evacuated. The prisoners were sent on a death march to Waldenburg where they were liberated by American troops. Adrienne returned to Cluj, where she married and completed her medical studies. In 1963, Dr. Krausz testified at the trial of Dr. Victor Capesius, who assigned her family to the gas chambers. She also testified as an eyewitness at the trial of the kapo, Mulka, for the burning of the Roma camp at Birkenau while all the inmates were inside.

received:  1944 October-1945 April
issue: Altenburg (Concentration camp); Altenburg (Thuringia, Germany)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Adrienne F. Krausz
Record last modified: 2023-06-05 14:27:01
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