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Painting by Sophia Kalski based on her childhood experiences when she hid with a group of people in a basement as soldiers searched upstairs

Object | Accession Number: 2004.698.11

Oil painting created by Sophia Kalski in 1985 about her life as a 9 year girl n the ghetto in Lwow, Poland (L’viv, Ukraine), from summer 1942 - March 1943. Based on an event from February 1943, it depicts a blond haired girl in a blue dress sitting with a group of people in an underground room as men dressed in green uniforms walk across the floor above. There is a long, suspended, streak of red paint dripping not the bunker. In Sophia’s words: "Feb. 1943. Aktion in the Lwow ghetto. We are in the bunker."
In early 1942, Sophia and her parents, Natan and Sarah, were imprisoned in the Jewish ghetto in Trembowla, Poland (Terebovlia, Ukraine), by the occupying Germans. Natan escaped to Lwow, and Sophia was sent to live with him. In January 1943, Natan, died of typhus. Ten year old Sophia was on her own in the ghetto until March when she was able to escape and get back to Trembowla. That summer, the Germans began to destroy the ghetto, killing or deporting its Jewish residents. Sophia and her mother escaped to Humniska, where a Gentile couple, Anna and Voitek Gutonski, hid them in an underground burrow until the Soviet army liberated the area in March 1944.

Artwork Title
In the Bunker, February 1943
creation:  1985
depiction:  1943 February
creation: Israel
depiction: Lwow (Poland) (historic); L'viv (Ukraine)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sophia Kalski
Record last modified: 2022-09-06 11:51:19
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