Ratafia family papers
The Ratafia family papers primarily relate to the post-war experiences of Tema, Lazarz, George, and Helene Ratafia in Poland and France. The collection includes biographical papers, immigration documents, publications, and photographs. There is some material related to relatives the Ratafia family of Warsaw, Poland as well as Tema’s family, the Ginzburgs of Wilno, Poland (now Vilnius, Lithuania).
bulk: circa 1930-1964
1 oversize box
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of George de Ratafia
Record last modified: 2020-04-21 19:00:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn522912
Also in Tema de Ratafia collection
The collection consists of a photograph and a wrist watch relating to the experiences of Tema de Ratafia and her family in Vilna (Vilnius), Lithuania, during the Holocaust.
Wrist watch with a brown band owned by Tema Ginzburg that originally belonged to her uncle, Benjamin Ginzburg. Before the family was imprisoned in the Jewish ghetto in Vilna (Vilnius), Lithuania, he altered it from a pocket watch to a wrist watch to make it easier to keep in the ghetto. During the liquidation of one of two ghettos in October 1941, Benjamin was deported to Estonia, then Stutthof concentration camp, where he was killed. He gave the watch to his brother, Moise, Tema's father, before leaving. Moise wore the watch for a while; he was deported to Chelmno concentration camp and killed in 1943. At some point, the watch was given to Tema. The Ginzburg family were prosperous merchants in Vilna, Lithuania, who experienced increasingly severe persecution as Jews through the Soviet annexation in 1940 and the German occupation in the summer of 1941. Over 7000 Jews were massacred by the Germans and the Lithuanians in the Ponary forest near Vilna that summer, including Tema's grandmother and uncle. In 1943, the Germans liquidated the Vilna ghettos. Tema's mother and father were deported and killed. Nineteen year old Tema escaped and was sheltered throughout the war by a friend of her mother's, a Polish woman, Josefa Mackiewicz. In 1953, she learned by chance that her twin sister had survived the Holocaust and was living in the United States.