Lodz ghetto scrip, 50 mark note
1940 May 15
approximately 1951-1961 (received)
Litzmannstadt-Getto (Lodz ghetto) (historic);
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Philip Freid
Scrip from the Jewish ghetto in Lodz, Poland, called Litzmannstadt by the German authorities, issued in 1940 under the auspices of the Judenrat (Jewish Council) of the ghetto. The scrip was acquired many years after the war by Philip Freid, who had been a resident of the ghetto. In 1939, following the German invasion of Poland, 11-year-old Philip was imprisoned in the Lodz ghetto, with his parents, Hersh and Ita, and his siblings, Bronka and Leon. His father, Hersh, died of starvation in 1942. In 1944, the family was deported to Auschwitz. His mother was killed in the gas chambers upon arrival; his sister would be killed in Stuffhof concentration camp in January 1945. Philip and his brother were separated when, after 8 weeks in Auschwitz, Philip was sent to the Siegmar-Schonau forced labor camp. He was liberated on May 7, 1945, in Luditz (Zlutice), Czechoslovakia, while on a death march. The brothers were reunited in 1945 in the Schlactlensee displaced persons camp in Berlin.
Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:05:33
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn523086
Also in Philip Freid collection
The collection consists of artifacts, documents, and photographs relating to the experience of Philip Freid during and after the Holocaust.
Contain two photographs of Philip Freid playing football (soccer) in the Schlachtensee displaced persons camp in Berlin, Germany; a photograph of his sister, Bronka Frajdenzaych, taken in Łódź, Poland, before World War II; two school certificates from the "Herzel" school in the Düppel Center in Schlachtensee; documents and identification cards pertaining to Freid's experiences in the Feldafing and Schlachtensee displaced persons camps; a certificate of incarceration issued by the International Refugee Organization (IRO); and documents pertaining to Freid's experiences in the United States Army.