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Łódź ghetto scrip, 50 mark note

Object | Accession Number: 2005.365.2

Scrip from the Jewish ghetto in Łódź, Poland, called Litzmannstadt by the German authorities, issued in 1940 under the auspices of the Judenrat (Jewish Council) of the ghetto. The scrip was acquired many years after the war by Philip Freid, who had been a resident of the ghetto. In 1939, following the German invasion of Poland, 11-year-old Philip was imprisoned in the Łódź ghetto, with his parents, Hersh and Ita, and his siblings, Bronka and Leon. His father, Hersh, died of starvation in 1942. In 1944, the family was deported to Auschwitz. His mother was killed in the gas chambers upon arrival; his sister would be killed in Stuffhof concentration camp in January 1945. Philip and his brother were separated when, after 8 weeks in Auschwitz, Philip was sent to the Siegmar-Schonau forced labor camp. He was liberated on May 7, 1945, in Luditz (Zlutice), Czechoslovakia, while on a death march. The brothers were reunited in 1945 in the Schlactlensee displaced persons camp in Berlin.

issue:  1940 May 15
received:  approximately 1951-1961
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Philip Freid
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:09:15
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