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Bronze Krzyz Zaslugi [Cross of Merit] awarded to a Polish midwife for postwar service

Object | Accession Number: 2005.260.4 a-e

Bronze medal with attached ribbon, molded box, and certificate presented to Anna Toronczyk in 1956 by the government of Poland for her exemplary service as a midwife. Anna was living in Łódź, Poland, when the Germans invaded in September 1939. She worked as a midwife in the hospital in the Jewish ghetto until September 1940, when she escaped to the Soviet Union. Her twin sister, Roza Herszenberg, assumed her position in the hospital. Anna was in the Soviet Union until 1946-47, when she was repatriated and able to return to Łódź to be with her family. Roza, her husband Calel, and daughter Salomea escaped the destruction of the ghetto by the Germans in spring 1944 by going into hiding, then obtaining jobs on the crew assigned to stay behind to salvage materials. Following the cleanup, they hid until the city was liberated by Soviet forces in January 1945.

issue:  1956 July 22
issue: Warsaw (Poland)
Object Type
Medals, Polish (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Salomea Kape
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:33
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