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Markov-Grinberg photograph of peasants from a farmers collective holding a sign

Object | Accession Number: 2005.552.5

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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Photographic print of farmers carrying a sign, created in 1933 by Mark Markov-Grinberg, a Soviet Jewish photographer and World War II correspondent. Markov-Grinberg was a major Social Realist photographer during the Stalinist era of the 1930s-1940s. He worked for major newspapers and journals, including TASS. He was a war correspondent during the Soviet-Finnish War from 1939-1940 and, in 1941, was drafted to fight in World War II. While a soldier, he continued his work as a photographer and army correspondent. After the war, he returned to his job at TASS.
    Artwork Title
    Public letter to a slacker from a record breaking collective farmers, Stalingrad Region
    Date
    depiction:  1933
    Geography
    creation: Stalingrad Region; Volgograd (Russia)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joanne and Will Potter
    Signature
    back, center, Russian script, pencil : M. Markov-Grinberg
    Contributor
    Artist: Mark Markov-Grinberg
    Subject: Mark Markov-Grinberg
    Biography
    Mark Borisovich Markov-Grinberg was born on November 27, 1907, in Rostov-on-Don, Russia. He learned photography at secondary school. In 1925, he took his first job as a photographer for the Sovetsky Yug (Soviet South) newspaper and worked as a freelance correspondent for Ogonyok magazine. In 1926, Markov-Grinberg moved to Moscow and worked for various trade union newspapers and the magazine, Krasnoarmeyskaya Smena (Transformation). In 1930, he accepted an offer to work for the Fotokhronika TASS (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union). He traveled around the country photographing the official Soviet Union: major construction projects, collective farms, and happy workers engaged in building Soviet Society, as well as prominent Russian and foreign personalities. His photographs appeared in major Soviet publications, including USSR in Construction, a magazine that documented Stalin’s Five-Year Plans to industrialize the Soviet Union. In 1934, TASS commissioned Markov-Grinberg to create a photo essay detailing a day in the life of Ukrainian miner, Nikita Izotov. He created an iconic portrait of Izotov as a Socialist worker hero. The Izotov photo essay launched Markov-Grinberg's career as a Stalin-era photographer and he became one of the most important photographers of his generation. His work was part of the socialist realist movement in photography which pictured life as it should be in idealized images made to look like objective recordings of things as they were.
    During the Soviet-Finnish War (1939-1940), Markov-Grinberg worked for TASS as a war correspondent and documented the fighting on the Karelian Isthmus. In September 1941, he was drafted into the Red Army, and continued to take photographs. He became the army correspondent for the military publication, Slovo Boitsa (Soldier’s World), in July 1943. He created well-known images of the Battle of Kursk and the crematorium at Stutthof concentration camp, when it was liberated on May 9, 1945, by the Soviet Army.
    Markov-Grinberg lost his job with TASS in 1948 as a result of the anti-Semitic climate of late Stalinism. After his demobilization in 1953, he worked as a photographer for the Red Army Illustrated Gazette and, later, for the photography publishing office of the Soviet Union Agricultural Exhibition, a theme park about the People’s Economy. From 1957–1973, Markov-Grinberg worked for the Club and Art Hobby magazine. He took part in photography exhibitions in the USSR and abroad. An honorary member of the Russian Union of Art Photographers, Markov-Grinberg died in 2006 at the age of 99.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Russian
    Classification
    Photographs
    Physical Description
    Black and white gelatin silver photographic print depicting a group of peasant farm workers with a handheld sign. In this outdoor shot, men, women and children are crowded together in the foreground, standing in a line, 2 deep. All face front and look out or to the right. They wear worn, dirty clothing, and all but 2 females wear headscarves and all males, except for a toddler, wear caps. At the far left stands an old man with a close cropped beard and mustache, wearing wire rimmed glasses and an apron over a collared shirt. Across the front, 3 adult women wear pinafores over blouses and a toddler, at the right, wears a collared shirt with 2 buttons. A young man, right of center, holds a pitchfork; all are smiling except for the toddler and the woman, left of center, carrying the sign. The sign is a piece of paper attached to a square shaped board on a pole and she holds it at a left diagonal. The background is a cloudy sky. Inscribed on the reverse are the artist’s signature, the year and the title, letters, and numbers.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 15.880 inches (40.335 cm) | Width: 19.880 inches (50.495 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, emulsion, gelatin silver print, graphite
    Inscription
    back, center, pencil : 1933 [Symbol] / [Russian script]
    back, bottom, right, pencil : DS 3800

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The photographic print was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2005 by Joanne and Will Potter.
    Record last modified:
    2023-09-15 10:14:04
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn523370

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