Erika Rybeck papers
The Erika Rybeck papers include documents and correspondence from the 19th and 20th century documenting the Schulhof family and their ancestors in Austria, Poland, and Czechoslovakia. The papers were kept by surviving family member in Austria during the Holocaust and later entrusted to Erika. The papers also include correspondence Erika's parents, Gertrude and Friedrich Schulhof, sent to her in the United Kingdom from Vienna between 1939 and 1941.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Erika Rybeck
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:12:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn524337
Also in This Collection
Collection consists of documents and correspondence concerning the Schulhof family (donor's family) in Vienna, Austria detailing family's efforts to flee Nazi occupation. Includes materials illustrating donor's experiences in the United Kingdom and post-war documentation about the fate of the Schulhof family; in German and English.
Drawing created by Erika Schulhof during her participation in an art therapy group in the United States after the war. Erika explains that: "This recalls my father's comforting words before I left Austria. He said we would both be looking at the same moon from different parts of the world. So then, as drawn, I look at the moon in Aberdeen, Scotland, when Nazi planes are flying overhead and there are machine gun bullet holes on the ground, but I look at the moon and think of my father." Erika was the only child of an assimilated Jewish couple, Dr. Friedrich and Gertrude Schulhof. Her father lost his job because he was Jewish according to the racial laws passed after Germany annexed Austria in March 1938. The family moved to Vienna and, following the Kristallnacht pogrom that November, decided to send 10 year old Erika on a Kindertransport. Her parents were not able to get permits to leave Austria and, in October 1941, they were deported to the Łódź ghetto. In 1943, they were murdered in the Chelmno killing center. Most of Erika's relatives were killed during the Holocaust. But in 1949, she was able to join her maternal aunt who had escaped to the United States in 1938.