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Lodz (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 5 mark note

Object | Accession Number: 2003.413.28

Scrip, valued at 5 marks, distributed in Lodz (Litzmannstadt) ghetto. The Jewish Council was ordered to create a system of Quittungen (receipts) that could be used as currency only in the ghetto. Valuables and currency were forcibly exchanged for the scrip and it was used as modest payment for forced laborers, though it held no value outside the ghetto. Ignacy Gutman designed all the denominations of the paper scrip and they were printed by the Manitius Printing House. The coins were designed by Pinkus Szwarc and minted in the ghetto by inmates. The Lodz ghetto was the only German ghetto or concentration camp that minted coinage. The scrip was issued in the German-controlled ghetto from the June of 1940 to its liquidation in the fall of 1944. The scrip, sometimes referred to as rumki or chaimki, after the Elder of the Judenrat, Chaim Mordechai Rumkowski and was issued in denominations of: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 mark notes; 5, 10, and 20 mark coins; and 50 pfennig notes and 10 pfennig coins.

Date
issue:  1940 June-1944 August
Geography
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Lodz (Poland)
Language
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Genre/Form
Money.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joel Forman
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Record last modified: 2019-07-29 11:53:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn524859