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Scheinfeld Displaced Persons Camp scrip, 50 cent note

Object | Accession Number: 2003.413.38

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    Scheinfeld Displaced Persons Camp scrip, 50 cent note

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Scrip, valued at 50 cents distributed in Scheinfeld displaced persons camp (DP) in Scheinfeld, Germany from April until July, 1946. The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) team 596 issued three denominations of scrip: 10 cents, 50 cents, and 1 dollar. The scrip was used in the canteen until July, but was abandoned due to food shortages. During World War II, many Lithuanians were deported to Nazi Germany as forced laborers. Toward the end of the war, many more escaped Lithuania before the advancing Soviet army, fearing a continuation of the mass arrests and deportations the Soviets inflicted on the public during their occupation under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. Consequently, after World War II, Germany had a large population of Lithuanian displaced persons (DPs). The Scheinfeld DP camp was established on April 28, 1946, by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). An agency that provided DPs with food, clothing, medicine, and helped to repatriate people to their home countries. The camp housed 1,500 Lithuanian displaced persons who had been transferred from Regensburg DP camp, and was overseen by UNRRA team 569. The camp was located on the grounds of the 17th century, Schwarzenberg castle, and included a hospital, dental clinic, sanitation office, drug store, canteen, bakery, clothing store, two restaurants, and laundry and shoe repair services. In the barrack section, a large hall held various programs, concerts, lectures, and plays. The camp was closed in the autumn of 1949. It was thought that all the notes were destroyed, until approximately 15 sets were discovered in England in the 1970s.
    Date
    issue:  1946 April 28-1946 July
    Geography
    issue: Scheinfeld (Displaced persons camp); Scheinfeld (Bavaria, Germany)
    use: Scheinfeld (Displaced persons camp); Scheinfeld (Bavaria, Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joel Forman
    Markings
    face, top, printed, brown ink : UNRRA TEAM 569, SCHEINFELD
    face, center, printed, brown ink : FIFTY CENTS / 50 / 1946
    face, bottom, printed, brown ink : CAMP MONEY
    face, top left, printed, brown ink : 50
    face, top right, printed, brown ink : 50
    face, bottom left, printed, brown ink 50
    face, bottom right, printed, brown ink : 50
    reverse, top, printed, brown ink : UNRRA 569 DALINYS, SCHEINFELD [UNRRA TEAM 569, SCHEINFELD]
    reverse, center, printed, brown ink : PENKIASDEŠIMT CENTU / 50 / 1946 [FIFTY CENTS / 50 / 1946]
    reverse, bottom, printed, brown ink : STOVYKLOS PINIGAI [CAMP MONEY]
    reverse, top left, printed, brown ink : 50
    reverse, top right, printed, brown ink : 50
    reverse, bottom left, printed, brown ink : 50
    reverse, bottom right, printed, brown ink : 50

    Physical Details

    Language
    English Lithuanian
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Scrip (aat)
    Genre/Form
    Money.
    Physical Description
    Scheinfeld Displaced Persons Camp scrip printed in brown ink, on lightweight, rectangular, green-colored paper. The face has a thin double-line border around the perimeter. In the center, with a line of text above and below, is a large rectangle with indented corners. Centered inside is the text denomination overlaying the outlined numeric denomination. Printed along the bottom edge of the rectangle is the year. Outside each flared in corner of the rectangle is numeric designation. The reverse has an identical design, with Lithuanian text. The lower left of the face has a large, circular, blue stamp with a grid, and text in the center and along the top and bottom edges. The reverse has a red stamp inside the rectangle in the lower left indented corner.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.375 inches (6.033 cm) | Width: 4.625 inches (11.748 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink
    Inscription
    face, lower left center, stamped, blue ink : SCHEINFELD / UNRAA / TEAM 569
    reverse, lower left center, stamped, red ink : 00953

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Joel Forman.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-23 13:46:49
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn524869

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