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Holleischen subcamp scrip, 4 Reichspfennig note

Object | Accession Number: 2003.413.54

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    Holleischen subcamp scrip, 4 Reichspfennig note

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Scrip, valued at 4 Reichspfennig, distributed at the Metallwerke Holleischen GmbH munitions factory in Holleischen, a subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp in Germany. While held at the camp, inmates were compelled to work in the factory. A special currency was issued to incentivize work output, although the money had no real monetary value. The scrip has a repeating “MWH” across the note, representing the Metallwerke Holleischen GmbH logo, and was printed in 17 denominations ranging in value from 1 Reichspfennig (rpf) to 5 Reichsmark (rm). The Holleischen subcamp was established in Czechoslovakia, near the German-Czech border, in 1941. It included a men’s camp and a women’s camp, and all inmates were forced to work either in the factory or in construction. Initially, the camps were constructed for Czech forced laborers, but in June 1941, the first French and Russian prisoners of war (POWs) arrived in the men’s camp. In the women’s camp, by 1944, the majority of the prisoners were French, followed by Polish people and Russians. There were hardly any Jews in the camp until March 1945, when a group of Hungarian Jewish women were transported from Nürnberg, a Flossenbürg subcamp, following its evacuation. Polish partisans liberated the Holleischen subcamp on May 3, 1945. American troops arrived two days later.
    Date
    issue:  approximately 1941-1945 May 03
    Geography
    issue: Holleischen (Concentration camp); Holýšov (Plzeňský kraj, Czech Republic)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joel Forman
    Markings
    face, rectangle, upper left, printed, black ink : MWH logo [Metallwerke Holleischen GmbH munitions plant logo]
    face, rectangle, center right, printed, black ink : 4 Rpf. [Reichspfennig]
    face, rectangle, lower center, printed, black ink : Wertmarke [Token]
    Contributor
    Issuer: Metallwerke Holleischen GmbH

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Scrip (aat)
    Genre/Form
    Money.
    Physical Description
    Holleischen subcamp scrip printed in black ink on lightweight, rectangular, tan-colored paper with perforated edges. The face has a narrow, blank border around a large, central rectangle with scalloped edges formed by narrow vertical lines of varying heights and a small, solid oval at the center. Within the rectangle is a light gray underprint consisting of wavy lines creating an uneven grid pattern and eight logos for the Metallwerke Holleischen GmbH munitions plant. The logo consists of the letters MWH with arched borders above and below. Printed in the top left corner in black ink is the same logo. The denomination is printed off-center on the right side, and German text is printed along the bottom.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 1.125 inches (2.858 cm) | Width: 2.125 inches (5.398 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The scrip was donated to the United Sates Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Joel Forman.
    Record last modified:
    2023-10-16 14:06:39
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn524886

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