Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

German issued Greek currency, 10 million Drachmai note

Object | Accession Number: 2003.413.84

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    German issued Greek currency, 10 million Drachmai note

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    German-issued Greek National currency valued at 10 million Drachmai. The Greek currency, called Drachma, can be traced back to the 6th century BC. The currency was discontinued after the Roman conquest of Greece, and reissued after Greece gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. On April 6, 1941, Germany invaded Greece to support Italy and forced the Greeks to surrender by the end of the month. Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria collectively occupied Greece until Italy’s surrender to the Allies in September 1943. Then Germany occupied all of Greece, and forced the Greek government to pay for the occupation by printing more paper money with higher denominations. The excess Drachmai caused hyperinflation, and the price for goods and services rose dramatically. During the occupation, the price of corn was 9 million Drachmai per pound. The essentially worthless paper bills gave way to bartering of supplies such as olive oil, cigarettes, and wheat. Due to the invasion and the harsh economic policies, hundreds of thousands of Greeks died from lack of food during the German occupation.
    Date
    issue:  1944 July 29
    Geography
    issue: Greece
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joel Forman
    Markings
    face, top, printed, black ink : ΤΡΑΠΕΖΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ [BANK OF GREECE]
    face, center, printed, black ink : ΔΡΑΧΜΑΙ / 10 / ΔΕΚΑ ΕΚΑΤΟΜΜΥΡΙΑ / ΠΛΗΡΩΤΕΑΙ ΕΠΙ ΤΗ, ΕΜΦΑΝΙΣΕΙ / ΕΝ ΑΘΗΝΑΙΣ TH 29H ΙΟΥΛΙΟΥ 1944 / Ο ΔΙΟΙΚΗΤΗΣ / [illegible signature] / Ο ΔΙΕΥΘΥΝΤΗΣ / [illegible signature] [DRACHMAI / 10 / MILLION / IS PAYABLE ON DEMAND / IN ATHENS, July 29, 1944/ THE COMMANDER / THE DIRECTOR]
    reverse, top, printed, green ink : ΤΡΑΠΕΖΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ [BANK OF GREECE]
    reverse, center, printed, green ink : 10 / 10 / 10
    reverse, center, overprinted, green ink : ΕΚΑΤΟΜΜΥΡΙΑ [MILLION}
    reverse, bottom, printed, green ink : ΕΚΔΟΣΙΣ ΠΡΩΤΗ [FIRST PUBLICATION]
    Contributor
    Issuer: Trapeza te?s Hellados

    Physical Details

    Language
    Greek
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Paper money (lcsh)
    Genre/Form
    Money.
    Physical Description
    Greek currency printed on lightweight, off-white rectangular paper. The face has a large, centered, red latticework background with a smaller, centered, black rectangular border comprised of sinuous lines. In the center, overprinted on a dark red scrollwork pattern is the stamped serial number in red ink. In addition, several lines of black Greek text and the numeric denomination are flanked by a black scrollwork pattern. The numeric denomination is in red in each corner, overlaid on a scrollwork design. The reverse has a large, centered, light green rectangle with a scrollwork pattern and a scalloped edge. In the center the denomination is overlaid on a scrollwork design. Flanking the center are two, rectangular black shapes with the denomination inside, overlaid on a scrollwork background with a border of sinuous vines and flowers. Above and below the center are small banners with black Greek text.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.375 inches (6.033 cm) | Width: 5.500 inches (13.97 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink
    Inscription
    face, top, stamped, red ink : 130986 AI

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Greece.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The collection was donated to the United Sates Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2003 by Joel Forman.
    Record last modified:
    2023-07-06 14:02:41
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn524916

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us