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Oral history interview with Michael Goldmann-Gilead

Oral History | Accession Number: 2015.373.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0832

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Michael "Miki" Goldmann-Gilead, born in 1925 in Katowice, Poland, recounts his childhood in Poland; his family life; antisemitism in Katowice; his war-time experiences in the Przemysl ghetto, including a vicious beating from Josef Schwammberger (the ghetto's Nazi commandant); his subsequent deportation to the Szebnie concentration camp and from there to Auschwitz-Birkenau; his Zionist activities and friendships in the camps; his transfer to Buna-Monowitz, where he worked for the I.G. Farben industries; his flight from a death march in January 1945; being rescued by a non-Jewish Polish family; volunteering as a soldier in the Red Army; being wounded in battle outside of Prague, Czech Republic; visiting Katowice after the war and his experiences in the Pocking displaced persons camp in Germany; his attempted immigration to Palestine in May 1947 on a ship that was intercepted by the British; being transferred to a detention camp on Cyprus, where he met his first wife and engaged in educational and Zionist activities; his immigration in 1948 to the newly founded State of Israel; working in the Israeli police force and rising to the rank of Chief Inspector; starting to work in 1960 as an investigator for Bureau 06, a special unit within the Israeli police force set up to investigate and interrogate Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in preparation for his trial; gathering evidence and identifying survivor witnesses for the trial; the structure and administration of Bureau 06 and its daily work; his interactions with colleagues and supervisors at Bureau 06, including his work and friendship with Avner Less; his interactions with Adolf Eichmann; his work during the trial as the personal aide to Gideon Hausner, the Attorney General heading the prosecution; the unexpected moment during the Eichmann trial when he was pointed out by a testifying witness as the boy who had survived a beating of 80 lashes by Schwammberger in the Przemysl ghetto; the events during the night of May 31 to June 1, 1962 when Mr. Goldmann served as a state witness during Eichmann's execution and was tasked with scattering Eichmann's ashes into the Mediterranean sea; his departure from the police service in 1963 and his work in Latin America as an emissary of the Jewish Agency; his subsequent work as the head of the Central Administration of Schlichut until his retirement in 1995; participating as a witness for the prosecution at the trial of Josef Schwammberger in Germany in the early 1990s; and his life and activities after his retirement, including his work for Yad Vashem.

Interviewee
Michael Goldmann-Gilead
Interviewer
Anatol Steck
Date
2015 October 28-2015 October 29  (interview)
Language
German
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:25:29
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn530372