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Theresienstadt scrapbook acquired by a German American US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2009.401.2

Scrapbook containing scrip and a Star of David badge owned by Joseph W. Eaton. Joseph had lived in the United States since November 1934 when his parents in Berlin, Germany, got him passage through German Jewish Children’s Aid. In September 1942, he entered the US Army and was trained in military government and psychological warfare at Camp Ritchie. He entered the war zone in France, six weeks after D-Day, June 4, 1944, as part of the 4th Mobile Broadcasting Unit, Allied Headquarters. He was part of a handpicked Press and Publications Unit under Hans Habe responsible for creating propaganda for broadcast and print for German troops and civilians to break morale and encourage surrender. He interviewed prisoners of war and visited liberated concentration camps and German towns to investigate and report on the situation. Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945, and Joseph's unit convinced General Eisenhower of the need to establish a free press throughout Germany. Joseph was editor of the weekly paper in Straubing. His reports on local news covered practical details like rationing, and broader topics such as conditions in the liberated concentration camps, the displaced persons camps, and the unique situation of Jewish refugees who did not want repatriated to their native lands. Joseph’s parents, Jacob and Flora, were murdered in Sobibor killing center and his maternal grandmother, Cilli Goldschmidt, died of starvation in Theresienstadt in March 1943.).

Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Souvenirs
Object Type
Souvenirs (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph W. Eaton
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:09:17
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn531024