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Ernst Schlochauer papers

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.223.2

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    Overview

    Description
    Certificates, correspondence, memoir, typescript texts, clippings, and ephemera, primarily related to the educational career of German emigre Ernst Schlochauer, after his immigration to the United States in 1941.

    Includes notes, syllabi, clippings, programs, and correspondence from his years a student at Queens College and Princeton University, and later material from when Schlochauer was a faculty members at Queens College. Extracurricular activities are documented in materials related to Jewish organizations he participated in during his student days, and programs and notes from plays he wrote, produced or directed, including a clipping about a performance of his play “The Father” at Queens College in 1946, and a program from a production of Friedrich Wolf’s “Das Trojanische Pferd,” from a German student group at Queens College in 1942. In addition to documents related Schlochauer’s educational career in the United States, the papers include a certificate from the secondary school he attended in France, 1934; and a letter of reference from an instructor in Berlin, 1939.

    Material related to Schlochauer's frail health includes documents showing his rejection for service in the United States armed forces, and a memoir, titled "Memoirs of a Blue Baby," which discusses the impact his congenital heart condition had on his childhood and adult life.
    Date
    inclusive:  1934-1958
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ursula Nelson
    Collection Creator
    Ernst Schlochauer
    Biography
    Ernst Schlochauer (1921-1961) was born in Berlin on 3 April 1921, and raised there until 1933, when his parents moved the family to France. Ernst studied at the Lycée Janson de Sailly in Paris, but the family chose to return to Berlin in 1935, and Ernst completed his studies there in 1937, and left for Britain the same year, where he took the university entrance examination at Cambridge. As he and his brother were both in England, they set about trying to get their parents visas to immigrate, which they were ultimately successful in doing, and the Schlochauer family reunited in New York in 1941. Because of a congenital heart condition, Ernst was unable to serve in the U.S. Army during the war, but instead went to Queens College in Flushing, New York, where he earned a bachelor's degree in comparative literature in 1944, before moving on to graduate studies at Princeton University, where he earned his doctorate. After earning his graduate degrees, he taught at Queens College, specializing in Elizabethan drama. He met a classmate he had known from Berlin, Ursula (Kantorowicz) Smith, at a reunion in New York, and the two married in 1957. Ernst Schlochauer died of a heart ailment on 1 March 1961.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English German
    Extent
    10 folders
    System of Arrangement
    Files are arranged in alphabetical order by folder title.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Rights to unpublished writings by Ernst Schlochauer are owned by Ursula Nelson or her authorized representatives, and are under copyright term until 2031. Other material in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Ursula Nelson donated the Ernst Schlochauer papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016.
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-24 13:19:20
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn533044

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