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Records of the Istanbul Office of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1937-1949

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.146.1 | RG Number: RG-68.191M

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    Overview

    Description
    Records include: correspondence with Jewish communities throughout Turkey, Romania, and Palestine; extensive documentation regarding shipments of food packages and other supplies to concentration camps such as Theresienstadt and Bergen-Belsen (including a postcard sent by Rabbi Leo Baeck, the renowned German scholar, from Theresienstadt acknowledging receipt of a AJJDC care package); cables and news releases; lists of survivors, including thousands of files from the Central Location Index; wartime testimonies; and correspondence regarding Joel Brand’s and Rudolf Kasztner’s negotiations in 1944 with Nazi officials in an attempt to save Hungarian Jews from deportation to Auschwitz. This collection also contains documentation on AJJDC's extensive support for refugees passing through Turkey en route to Palestine and to passengers on the SS Drottningholm, a rescue ship used for repatriation of civilians and prisoners of war; and eyewitness accounts, including an account of the sinking of the SS Mefkure, a rescue ship traveling from Romania to Palestine, by torpedoes in the Black Sea on August 5, 1944.
    Date
    inclusive:  1937-1949

    Physical Details

    Extent
    17 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.
    System of Arrangement
    Arranged in four series: 1. Administration; 2. Organizations; 3. Subject Matters; 4. Countries and Regions.
    The records in this collection have been digitized and are searchable online through the textual collections portal of the AJJDC Archives database.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. The collection is open to researchers with the exception of files that are restricted due to the nature of their contents. Restricted files can include legal files, personnel files, case files, and personal medical diagnoses, etc. Restrictions apply to microfilm reel: #15.
    Conditions on Use
    Copyright held by The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Inc. (AJDC). The publication of AJDC records in any format requires the written permission of the JDC Archives. Users must apply in writing for permission to reproduce or publish manuscript materials found in this collection. The USHMM Archives will not provide a reproduction of microfilm reels to any third party but researchers can make copies of individual documents. Researchers should give a credit to the AJDC Archives in Jerusalem when citing documents from the collection.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Source of acquisition is the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (Jerusalem, Israel). The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received this collection via the United States Holocaust Museum International Archives Project in March 2016.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-24 13:46:49
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn533286

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