Oral history interview with Lisa Rozsa
Lisa Rozsa, born Elise Liebschütz on August 27, 1917 in Brno (present-day Czech Republic), discusses her parents Jacques (1888-1942) and Selma (née Bogad) Liebschütz (1895-1980); her sister Gerda (1919-1944); meeting her future husband Imre Rozsa; his position as a civil engineer in Iraq; joining him in Iraq in 1939 where they were married; contributing to the war effort through the Ministry of Defense in that country; working for the Indian Red Cross in Basra; events in the war in North Africa, leading the British colonial authorities in Iraq to declare residents with passports from Axis-held countries to be enemy aliens; being interned by the British in Palestine and then Entebbe, Uganda; their release from the internment camp after which Imre joined the British military forces in East Africa as an engineer; living in Kenya as British citizens after the war; her family in Brno who had been subjected to the anti-Semitic measures following the German occupation of Bohemia and Moravia in 1939; the seizure by authorities of the family business, a freight and shipping company, which was then taken over by one of the non-Jewish Czech employees; her parents’ and sister’s deportation to Theresienstadt; her father’s death from pneumonia; her sister’s deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where she died in April 1944; her mother’s deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where she remained as a forced laborer for several months; how her mother avoided the gas chamber by joining a group of women on a transport to Christianstadt, a sub-camp of Gross-Rosen, where she remained as a forced laborer until that camp was evacuated in February 1945; how her mother escaped from a death march only to be captured and sent to Karlsbad (Karlovy Vary) and then Theresienstadt where she was liberated in 1945; how her mother joined her in Nairobi after the war; how she and her husband established a successful life in Nairobi; moving to the United States to join her daughter and son-in-law and their family.
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- Lisa Rozsa
1993 December 16
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mara Senn
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:53:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn536844
Also in Liebschütz and Rozsa family collection
Correspondence, documents, photographs, diaries, and other writings, related to the families of Elise (Lisa) Rozsa, originally of Brno, Czechoslovakia, and her husband, Imre Rozsa, originally of Hungary, both of whom fled Europe during the Holocaust, living in exile in Iraq, Palestine, Uganda, and Kenya. The collection includes written memoirs from Lisa Rozsa and her mother, Selma Liebschütz, detailing their experiences during the war years, including Liebschütz's account of being deported to Auschwitz, her experiences in several subsequent camps as a forced laborer, escape from a death march, recapture and imprisonment at Theresienstadt, and liberation. Documents include identification, education, immigration, and restitution documents related chiefly to Lisa and Imre Rosza, but also to other members of their family, including documentation of their exile in Iraq and internment as enemy aliens by the British in Africa during the war, as well as post-war life in Kenya. Correspondence is chiefly between members of the extended Liebschütz family, including Selma Liebschütz's correspondence to her daughter and son-in-law during the pre-war and war years, and with other family members in the immediate post-war era. Photographs consist primarily of pre-war images of the Liebschütz and Rozsa families in Czechoslovakia and Hungary prior to the war, of Lisa and Imre Rozsa in Iraq during the war and in Kenya in the post-war years. Also includes a diary written by Lisa Rozsa between 1929 and 1942, as well as scrapbooks documenting Imre Rozsa's career as an architect in Iraq and Kenya, including material related to the design and construction of a synagogue in Nairobi. 2 boxes (cartons) of material. Also includes one oral history interview with Lisa Rozsa.
The Liebschütz and Rozsa families papers consist of correspondence, biographical material, professional material, photographs, and diaries as well as restitution, education, and immigration material relating to the families of Elise (Lisa) Rozsa, originally of Brno, Czechoslovakia, and her husband, Imre Rozsa, originally of Hungary, both of whom fled Europe during the Holocaust and lived in exile in Iraq, Palestine, Uganda, and Kenya. The collection also includes the memoir of Lisa Rozsa’s mother, Selma Liebschütz, describing her family’s experiences during the Holocaust, including imprisonment at Theresienstadt and Auschwitz as well as material about Imre Rozsa’s post-war career as an architect in Kenya.