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Oral history interview with Lydia Jablonski

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.542.24 | RG Number: RG-50.812.0024

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Lydia Jablonski (née Hillman) [phonetic spelling], born 1911 in Riga, Latvia, discusses moving to in Paris, France in 1931; meeting her husband, who was a German Jewish political refugee named Ernest Jablonski, in 1938; her husband’s background, including his flight from Berlin in 1931 because he was a communist; their marriage; looking for work and taking positions as teachers in the Château de la Guette, a Rothschild children’s home for mostly German Jewish refugees outside of Paris; the Kinder transports from Austria and Germany, which evacuated Jewish children to safety; life at the Guette, where in 1939 there were 130 children; her husband’s detention at the outbreak of the war in 1939 and Mme Loinger arriving to replace him as director; staying at Château de Chabannes from 1941 to 1943; the personality attributes of Félix Chevrier; the summer of 1942 when major roundups occurred, including on August 26, 1942 when French police circled the Château, detained six children and her husband, and transported them to Camp Nexon; the release of her husband several days later; the second roundup in September 1942 when rural policeman arrived with a list of 14 children to be detained (several of the children had already been spirited to safety by Chevrier, who was forewarned of the roundup); her husband’s arrest in February 1943 and his departure by vehicle to the train station; her husband’s escape; Chabannes villagers offering to hide her; securing forged identity cards that permitted both her and her husband to flee to Limoges and then two different hiding places; her husband continuing his OSE work while they were in hiding; and her memories of a Chabannes reunion many years later.

Interviewee
Lydia Jablonski
Interviewer
Lisa Gossels
Dean Wetherell
Date
1996-1998
Language
French
Genre/Form
Documentary films.
Extent
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lisa Gossels and Dean Wetherell
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:40:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn539006