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Oral history interviews with Colette Pascal, Georges Broucher, Robert Charbonnier, Rene Plavinet, and André Lelong

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.542.2 | RG Number: RG-50.812.0002

One of the video participants discusses the upcoming reunion of the children of Chabannes; and states that he was age 13 when he attended a school in Fursac along with Jewish children.
Robert Charbonnier, born in 1932, discusses the 1941 arrival of the Jewish children in Chabannes; their lack of understanding about who the children were; his memories of Nina Zouminer [PH]; how the refugee children were very intelligent, spoke excellent French, and performed well in school under the guidance of the Paillassou sisters; learning much later that the sisters were involved in the Resistance; Chabannes before the war at which time it had approximately 300 inhabitants, farms, petits commerçants, and a vibrant urban village which no longer exists.
Colette Pascal has few memories, because she was only eight years old at the time; her memories of the day the sisters Paillassou decided to mix the Jewish children with the local children in the school.
Mr. René Plavinet recalls visiting the chateau on Thursdays to engage in sports with the Jewish children, the intelligence of the students and their dedication to their studies; the economics and character of Chabannes and the region; the extensive regional agricultural production which would supply food to Paris and environs after the war; the importance of Maréchal Philippe Pétain to the region; his photos; the requirement that school children draw his portrait; the importance of De Gaulle’s London broadcasts as the war went on; the larger number of refugee children in Limousin from Eastern Europe; and the dissatisfaction of some French people with the influx of the Jewish population.
André Denis [PH] describes attending school in Chabannes and his teachers, the sisters Paillassou.
Georges Broucher recalls the brothers Razimofsky [PH] and Stéphane Kédere [PH]; the arrest of 6-8 of the chateau children by the GMR (Groupe mobile de réserve) and the Vichy police at one morning when he was on his way to work, and at which point the chateau children were dispersed and hidden amongst local families.
André Lelong discusses the political situation after the war; the existence within the government of Vichy sympathizers; the re-emergence of racism in the country.
And they all share memories of the period in question and review notes from Félix Chevrier pertaining to the school in the chateau.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Colette Pascal
Georges Broucher
Robert Charbonnier
Rene Plavinet
André Lelong
Interviewer
Lisa Gossels
Dean Wetherell
Date
1996-1998
Language
French
Genre/Form
Documentary films.
Extent
6 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lisa Gossels and Dean Wetherell
 
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:54:02
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn539030