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Buchenwald Standort-Kantine concentration camp scrip, .50 Reichsmark, found by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2016.136.1

.50 Reichsmark coupon found at Buchenwald concentration camp following liberation by Lt. Leon Scharff, US Army Signal Corps, who was among the first wave of American troops to enter the camp. Buchenwald opened on July 19, 1937. The undated, simply designed notes were issued in 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 mark denominations. There were two types: canteen scrip and exchange scrip issued to members of outside labor brigades [Aussenkommandos.] In early April 1945, as US forces approached Buchenwald, near Weimar, Germany, the German guards began to evacuate the camp. On April 11, the prisoners revolted and seized control. Later that day, soldiers from the Sixth Army Armored Division, part of the Third Army, arrived in camp and discovered more than 21,000 starved and ill inmates.

found:  approximately 1945 April 15
found: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Beth Joshua Congregation of Aspen Hill
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:40:15
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